Rice LING 411 - Disorders of Syntax and Morphology (51 pages)

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Disorders of Syntax and Morphology



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Disorders of Syntax and Morphology

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Lecture Notes


Pages:
51
School:
Rice University
Course:
Ling 411 - Neurolinguistics

Unformatted text preview:

Ling 411 08 Disorders of Syntax and Morphology Goodglass 1993 Chapter 6 Major Language Areas Supramarginal gyrus Goldstein s area Angular gyrus Wernicke s area Geschwinds s area Exner s area Broca s area Sup e rior par ieta l lo bu l e Agrammatism Usually associated with Broca s aphasia Generally present in Broca s aphasia But other aphasics also have grammatical dysfunctions Paragrammatism common in Wernicke aphasia A lot of variation among different patients Agrammatism vs Paragrammatism Paragrammatism too much speech Normal or excessive fluency Use of inappropriate words Neologisms No lack of function words and inflections But not always used appropriately Common in Wernicke s aphasia Agrammatism not enough speech Lack of fluency Omission NOT deletion of function words and inflections Common in Broca s aphasia Omission vs Deletion Goodglass 106 Sentences with a deleted main verb Joan and I Coffee may continue to appear misuse or deletions of morphology Is he talking about deletion or omission Deletion implies that it was first there and then removed Omission it wasn t put in at all Goodglass is following a practice that was common among linguists at the time he wrote the book Broca s Aphasia Damage to frontal lobe Mainly inferior frontal gyrus Largely intact comprehension Nonfluent agrammatic speech Telegraphic speech Abundance of content words e g nouns Lack of function words e g prepositions Impaired verb processing Bates Chen Tzeng Li Opie 1991 Damasio Tranel 1993 Daniele Giustolisi Silveri Colosimo Gainotti 1994 Lamb Zhang 2010 Shapiro Caramazza 2003 Verbal short term memory deficit in Broca aphasia Patients can readily point to individual objects or body parts named by the examiner But when asked to point to the same items in a specific sequence they often fail at the level of only two or three items Benson Ardila 124 How to explain Subtypes of Broca aphasia Type I A k a little Broca aphasia Milder defects Less extensive damage Better prognosis Type II



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