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Secessionism in Multicultural States



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Secessionism in Multicultural States Does Sharing Power Prevent or Encourage It Abstract States worry greatly about secessionist movements and the ethno political mobilizations that can give rise to them Political scientists agree that the institutional framework within which identity groups interact powerfully determines the goals violence and trajectories of such movements However both small N and large N researchers disagree on the question of whether power sharing arrangements instead of repression are more or less likely to mitigate threats of secessionist mobilizations by disaffected regionally concentrated minority groups Using the PSI modeling platform a virtual country Beita was created containing within it a disaffected partially controlled regionally concentrated minority Using the tenets of constructivist identity theory as the basic driver for the algorithms controlling behavior by agents in the Beita landscape the most popular theoretical positions on this issue were tested Data from experiments involving hundreds of histories of Beita run under modulated controlled conditions lend support to some of the more sophisticated interpretations of the effects of repression vs responsive or representative types of power sharing While in the short run repression works to suppress ethno political mobilization it does not effectively reduce the threat of secession Power sharing can be more effective but it also tends to encourage larger minority identitarian movements Ian S Lustick Political Science Department University of Pennsylvania Dan Miodownik Political Science Department University of Pennsylvania Roy J Eidelson Solomon Asch Center for Study of Ethnopolitical Conflict University of Pennsylvania Please send comments to the authors at ilustick sas upenn edu 215 898 5719 Fax 215 215 573 2073 Political Science Department University of Pennsylvania 206 Stiteler Hall Philadelphia 19104 6215 The authors would like to acknowledge the crucial contributions



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