SJSU UNVS 196D - Research Paper (17 pages)

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Research Paper



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Research Paper

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Pages:
17
School:
San Jose State University
Course:
Unvs 196d - Climate Solutions
Climate Solutions Documents

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UNVS 196D Climate Solutions Initiative Research Paper Green Traveler Guidebook Making Tourism a Sustainable Activity Faculty Advisor Dr Ranjan Bandyopadhyay Student Project Members Reuben Thibodeau Robert Tompkins Tracy Doan Ho Chung Yeung 1 Defining the Problem In 2006 a record 842 million international tourism arrivals were documented worldwide United Nations World Trade Organization 2007 Tourism is one of the most important forces shaping our world today Economically tourism is of increasing importance to many nations as it is an important provider of foreign exchange and employment World Tourism Organization 2007 However several scholars have commented on tourism s notoriety for its potential to disturb or do damage to natural habitats and local communities Stronza 2008 In rural locations tourism has been criticized for causing a surge of social ecological and economic changes Belsky 1999 Although scholars have well documented the effects of tourism on the human condition economic cultural and social they have ignored the relationship between tourism and the environment However the ways that humans regard the environment the ways in which they use and abuse it and the ways in which they try to protect it are continuously changing over space as well as time Butler and Boyd 2000 Still research on the relationship between tourism and environment is sparse As Butler 2000 lamented In North America the bulk of research on human impacts on the environment has been undertaken by agencies such as the US Forest Service which has a history of over 30 years of detailed studies on this subject and the National Parks authorities of the US and Canada Much of this research has focused on the recreational use of wilderness and backcountry areas places visited by relatively few people compared to numbers visiting major tourist destinations and places which are under relatively strict management controls compared to most tourist destinations Recently several important studies see



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