UT AST 350L - Lecture 8: Kepler I (40 pages)

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Lecture 8: Kepler I



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Lecture 8: Kepler I

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Lecture Notes


Pages:
40
School:
University of Texas at Austin
Course:
Ast 350l - History and Philosophy of Astronomy

Unformatted text preview:

Astronomy 350L Spring 2005 The History and Philosophy of Astronomy Lecture 8 Kepler I Instructor Volker Bromm TA Amanda Bauer The University of Texas at Austin Between Epochs Renaissance Baroque 1550 1650 El Greco 1541 1614 Lucas Cranach 1515 1586 Crisis in Europe Religious conflict Catholic vs Protestant Europe Deeply divided into multiple confessions Reformation vs Counter Reformation Reformation Bible in vernacular Sola Scriptura Counter Reformation Council of Trent 1545 63 Counter Reformation The Jesuits Ignatius of Loyola 1491 1556 Intellectual avantgarde against Reformation eventually arch enemies of Galileo 1633 War England defeats Spanish Armada 1588 The Thirty Years War 1618 1648 Utterly devastated Germany 1 2 of population dies Thomas Hobbes 1588 1679 Apologist of Absolutism homo lupus homini Man is a wolf to man Need strong absolute state to keep society in check and to preserve peace Innovation The Dutch Invent the Telescope around 1600 soon to be used by Galileo Innovation The Dutch Invent the Microscope inception of microbiology Hugo Grotius 1583 1645 The Law of Nations De iure belli ac pacis Of the Law of War and Peace concept of Natural Law man has certain unalienable rights man is fundamentally sociable The Making of the New Astronomy Tycho and Kepler Tycho Brahe Greatest Observer of the Age Johannes Kepler Greatest Theorist Tycho Brahe The Great Danish Observer 1546 Skaane 1601 Prague born into nobility lived privileged life State sponsorship of Danish king Extensive University Education Wittenberg Martin Luther 1517 Birthplace of Protestant Reformation A Royal Patron King Frederik II of Denmark provides Tycho with generous sustained funding for astronomical research Construction of greatest observatory in Europe Tycho s Island Hven Best pre Tycho tables Erasmus Reinhold 1511 53 professor of mathematics in Wittenberg uses De Rev to calculate new tables of celestial motions Prutenic Tables 1551 widely used Indirect fame for Copernicus Hven Uraniborg



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