CSUN ENGL 400 - The Dialects of the United States (2 pages)

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The Dialects of the United States



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The Dialects of the United States

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Lecture Notes


Pages:
2
School:
California State University, Northridge
Course:
Engl 400 - Hist Eng Lang

Unformatted text preview:

The Dialects of the United States General American the dialect most often employed by the American news media is the product of the mixing of dialects originating in eastern parts of the country In general the eastern United States tends to preserve earlier regional distinctions whereas western dialects tend to be less identifiable by region General American can possess certain regional characteristics but it is generally identified with the following features 1 Use of in path fast grass 2 Unrounding of to in hot and top 3 Retention of r in all positions The following list of features represents a selection of differences from General American Each region has a considerable number of variations and not all characteristic features are found in every part of the region Consult the map in the handout for the regional boundaries Eastern New England parts of Massachusetts Connecticut and Vermont esp around Boston 1 Retention of in hot and top 2 o in mourning and hoarse but in morning and horse 3 Use of in path fast grass 4 Loss of r after vowels car bar except before vowels carry New York City 1 Unrounding of to in hot and top However words like cot and caught are distinguished with the latter retaining the pronunciation 2 o in mourning and hoarse but in morning and horse 3 Loss of r after vowels car bar except before vowels carry 4 Pronunciations like k il and id for curl and third this actually consists of loss of r with the development of a compensatory diphthong Upper North Western New England Upstate New York the Great Lakes basin 1 o in mourning and hoarse but in morning and horse 2 in with 3 s in grease verb and greasy 4 in roots Traces of this dialect region extend into Iowa Nebraska Minnesota and the Dakotas Lower North 1 Unrounding of to in hot and top but also in caught in the western part of the region western Pennsylvania Ohio Indiana Illinois 2 Unrounding of to before r in words like forest in the eastern part of the region 3 Raising of to before r in words



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