UMass Amherst LINGUIST 404 - Short Summary of What We’ve Learned About Kikuyu (10 pages)

Previewing pages 1, 2, 3 of 10 page document View the full content.
View Full Document

Short Summary of What We’ve Learned About Kikuyu



Previewing pages 1, 2, 3 of actual document.

View the full content.
View Full Document
View Full Document

Short Summary of What We’ve Learned About Kikuyu

107 views

Other


Pages:
10
School:
University of Massachusetts Amherst
Course:
Linguist 404 - Field Methods

Unformatted text preview:

Seth Cable Fall 2010 Field Methods Ling 404 Short Summary of What We ve Learned About Kikuyu In these notes I summarize some of the main features of the Kikuyu language that we ve learned about thus far in class Along the way I note some questions for future research either together as a class or individually in your own interviews and final projects 1 Verbal Morphology Like all Bantu languages Kikuyu is highly inflected Indeed as we ve seen a single word or Kikuyu can correspond to an entire sentence of English e g I was dancing A technical term that linguistics sometimes use for such languages is polysynthetic a term that really means nothing more than a language with really big verbs that can stand for a whole sentence Since there s so much verbal morphology in Kikuyu we spent most of the first month exploring some of it As we saw decoding the verbal morphology of a language like Kikuyu is far from a simple task and it s pretty clear that there s still a whole lot we don t understand Here though is a summary of what we think we do understand First the inflected forms that we ve systematically studied thus far are composed of the following morphemes arranged in the following orders 1 Morphological Template for Kikuyu Verb ni Subject Agreement Tense Prefix ndi 1sg a past a 3sg ga future u tu mu ma 2sg 1pl Aspect Suffix ire perfective aga imperfective 3pl u cio class ki ki class y pres imp ROOT 2pl a ri ra ri u class i yo class Many of the glosses appearing in the chart above are just rough first guesses regarding the function of the prefixes in question That is although it s clear what the meaning of each subject agreement prefix is it s less clear what the meaning of the tense prefix prefix a is or the meaning of the suffix aga All we know is that they appear in the following inflectional strings 1 Seth Cable Fall 2010 2 Field Methods Ling 404 Tense and Aspect Forms that We ve Seen Thus Far a Past Perfective ni Subj Agr a ROOT ire Example ni ndateng erire ni ndi a



View Full Document

Access the best Study Guides, Lecture Notes and Practice Exams

Loading Unlocking...
Login

Join to view Short Summary of What We’ve Learned About Kikuyu and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or
We will never post anything without your permission.
Don't have an account?
Sign Up

Join to view Short Summary of What We’ve Learned About Kikuyu and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or

By creating an account you agree to our Privacy Policy and Terms Of Use

Already a member?