View Full Document

6 views

Unformatted text preview:

PATHWAYS OUT OF POVERTY IN RURAL MOZAMBIQUE By Benedito Armando Cunguara A THESIS Submitted to Michigan State University In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Department of Agricultural Food and Resource Economics 2008 ABSTRACT PATHWAYS OUT OF POVERTY IN RURAL MOZAMBIQUE By Benedito Armando Cunguara This research addresses three questions i how have the incidence of poverty and the distribution of income changed ii what factors are associated with rural household income change and iii what factors are associated with moving out of or into poverty in the short run The analysis presented is based on a nationally representative twoperiod panel data set from Mozambique covering the years 2001 2 and 2004 5 We cannot unambiguously argue that poverty headcount in 2005 a year of more widespread drought was higher than poverty headcount in 2002 but the poverty gap and squared poverty gap measures were both higher in the second period Poverty has spatial demographic and asset holding dimensions The diversification of off farm income sources is strongly associated with increases in household income and thus poverty reduction For agricultural activities especially crop production reduction in vulnerability to drought is important for poverty reduction Access to price information is positively correlated with income and poverty reduction in all areas and the cultivation of tobacco is also significant in reducing poverty in the central part of the country The impact on poverty of growing tobacco or cotton in the north was not significant however We also found that increases in landholding size can reduce poverty in rural Mozambique but will require additional inputs such as labor fertilizers and animal traction DEDICATION To my dad for his encouragement in pursuing graduate studies To my son for his sacrifice during the two years of graduate studies To my wife for her love sacrifice and support in everything To my mom and brothers for



Access the best Study Guides, Lecture Notes and Practice Exams

Loading Unlocking...
Login

Join to view Thesis and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or
We will never post anything without your permission.
Don't have an account?
Sign Up

Join to view Thesis and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or

By creating an account you agree to our Privacy Policy and Terms Of Use

Already a member?