MIT 21A 441 - Lecture Notes (3 pages)

Previewing page 1 of 3 page document View the full content.
View Full Document

Lecture Notes



Previewing page 1 of actual document.

View the full content.
View Full Document
View Full Document

Lecture Notes

55 views

Lecture Notes


Pages:
3
School:
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Course:
21a 441 - The Conquest of America

Unformatted text preview:

8 RESISTANCE AND REBELLION IN COLONIAL LATIN AMERICA 3 02 04 At initial conquest resistance variable Maya held out longer than Aztec famous Inca state held out at margins of Peru 1536 72 Other regions only partially subdued or not at all But in core areas thought for long time that no rebellions Question of resistance in history and social science romanticized and politicized Question of whether oppressed accept lot Notion of hegemony Challenge from James Scott In Americas little true hegemony but people adapt to lot accommodation as well as resistance Village Rebellions Study by William Taylor in colonial Mexico shows that local uprisings did occur Local spontaneous limited attack tax collector or priest Sometimes got a little improvement Must imagine self in situation think of balance of power Usually only small local militia suppression expensive hearing complaints sometimes cheaper But regional troops available as backup for major uprisings So both sides know limits of game Why no wider rebellion Parochial outlook little common feeling with neighbors colonial system encouraged parochialism Grievances particular Hard to organize wider rebellion But also partial knowledge so far of how often rebellion did occur Now know there were riots and mini uprisings all across empire Problem of charting when and why 18th Century Age of rebellion One cause increased exploitation In first two centuries buffered by low population free land By 18th really pinched Even more escalation of demands tightening of system Had been corruption bargaining with exploiters some slack In imperfect way Crown did protect a bit wanted Indians to survive Late 17th century on monarchy tightens up system Also growth of economic activity resulted in more demands on Indians With fading of encomienda more emphasis on forced purchases and tribute to state and church Also more emphasis on individual obligations Relentless Local authorities often worst exploiters Then in 1760s major reforms Bourbon



View Full Document

Access the best Study Guides, Lecture Notes and Practice Exams

Loading Unlocking...
Login

Join to view Lecture Notes and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or
We will never post anything without your permission.
Don't have an account?
Sign Up

Join to view Lecture Notes and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or

By creating an account you agree to our Privacy Policy and Terms Of Use

Already a member?