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The Multi-layered Reading Goals of Expert Readers



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1 The Multi layered Reading Goals of Expert Readers Bridging Between Knowledge Interest and Strategy Use Emily Fox Liliana Maggioni Daniel L Dinsmore Patricia A Alexander University of Maryland Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association March 2008 New York 2 Abstract Expert readers pursuit of multi layered reading goals was examined within the framework of Alexander s Model of Domain Learning MDL Seven experts in the field of reading completed knowledge pre tests think aloud protocols using both reading and history passages and openended outcome questions The think aloud protocols were coded for strategic and evaluative monitoring behaviors in addition to evidence of reading goals Evidence supported the experts pursuit of multi layered reading goals as they evaluated the text and their understanding of it on multiple levels Higher level goals differed for the reading and history passages and were also associated with specific knowledge for the topic of the reading passage 3 The Multi layered Reading Goals of Expert Readers Bridging Between Knowledge Interest and Strategy Use Alexander s Model of Domain Learning MDL provides a characterization of the trajectory followed by learners on the path to expertise in academic domains in terms of distinctive profiles for knowledge interest and strategy use at different stages of development Alexander 1997 1998 2002 In particular experts are expected to have breadth and depth of knowledge in their domain of expertise to be driven primarily by individual interest in domainrelated activities and materials and to use deep level processing strategies as they learn Such a multidimensional developmental characterization implies that knowledge interest and strategy use are bound up together in shaping our understanding of both the learner s progress over time in a domain and also the nature of the learner s activity in a given learning situation at a specific point in their developmental



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