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01 11 14 13 46 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 class9 scm Page 1 STRUCTURE AND INTERPRETATION OF MUSIC CONCEPTS CLASS 9 The Tonal System WHAT IS TONALITY The tonal system organizes notes into a context in which they have ROLES and EXPECTED BEHAVIOR For that purpose music in the tonal system is always related to a SCALE which is the context object The role and behavior of notes in a tonal piece is determined by their position relative status in the scale The central most important role is played by the TONIC note of a scale its first note Tonic is the tone of ultimate rest the other notes tend to move toward the tonic L B Meyer 1956 The definition emphasizes the expected behavior role that the tonal system attributes to its different notes The behavior role is classified as STABLE or DYNAMIC The tonic is the most stable tone in the SCALE Usually it is the last note in a melody or music piece The tonic or the notes of the tonic triad are usually the beginning notes A small experiment about the sense of tonality 1 Listen to a typical tonal music piece and try to perceive the feeling of tonality identify the tonic note Suggestion The first movement of Mozart s Eine Kleine Nachtmusik 5 min or the Minuet only 2 melodic lines 1 min without the trio The end should feel like the a ultimate rest of the piece 2 The following example includes a small segment with various ending suggestions Rate the ending notes from 1 most unstable to 5 most stable Do it fast and intuitively only 2 seconds for rating between the examples Repeat the process for a refined rating Tonal ending 1 Different endings 3 Listen only to the first 4 bars of the first movement of Eine Kleine Nachtmusik Try to answer the same questions as above Does it feels like we get to the an ultimate rest 4 Listen to the first 4 bars as in 3 and to various ending suggestions Rate the ending

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