PSU NUTR 119 - Fats and Oils (11 pages)

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Fats and Oils



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Fats and Oils

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Pages:
11
School:
Pennsylvania State University
Course:
Nutr 119 - Elementary Foods
Elementary Foods Documents

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Fats and Oils Structure Triglyceride 3 fatty acids attached to a glycerol backbone Various fatty acids within the TG Fats and Oils Types Solid fats Straight chain fatty acids Saturated or trans fatty acids Fat crystals suspended in oil Liquid fats oils Contain kinked chain fatty acids Mono or polyunsaturated fatty acids No fat crystals Fats and Oils Melting temperature is directly proportional to degree of saturation saturation less double bonds higher melting point saturation more double bonds lower melting point Fats and Oils Essential fatty acids Linolenic and Linoleic acids Excellent source of vitamin E Combats rancidity free radical scavenger Varies in amounts by Type of plant used for pressing Refining process Preserved by storing in cool dark place Degraded by overheating Fats and Oils Influences on texture mouth feel and flavor Types of fatty acids present and their corresponding chain lengths Degree of saturation thus melting temp Degree of refinement flavor components removed Fats and Oils Smokepoint Involves chemical degradation of glycerol molecule Induced by overheating Breaks down into acrolein Irritating to eyes and nose Fats and Oils Reduction of smoke point by avoiding Prolonged or repeated heating of fat Collected food particles Exposure of fat to air Oxidation occurs Deep fryers are better than shallow pans Presence of emulsifiers in fats Use of iron and or copper pans which contributes to oxidative rancidity Fats and Oils Shelf life of fat can be extended Frying below smokepoint Cooling quickly Fat absorption leads to greasy products Oil is not hot enough too far below smokepoint Cold foods Too much food added at once Fats and Oils Ingredients that increase fat absorption of food Sugar Leavening Aqueous liquid Fat Crispiness favorable attribute Dehydrating outer portion of food Exchanging fat for lost moisture Fats and Oils Fat in cheese Butterfat Highly saturated Types of cheese and relative fat content Dessert cheese comparable to butter fat



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