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GENDER AND SOCIAL CAPITAL NORRIS 4 16 2003 9 38 PM Gendering Social Capital Bowling in Women s Leagues Pippa Norris and Ronald Inglehart Kennedy School of Government Harvard University Cambridge MA 02138 F 617 495 8696 E Pippa Norris Harvard edu www ksg harvard edu people pnorris Institute for Social Research University of Michigan Ann Arbor Michigan 48106 1248 F 313 764 3341 E rfi umich edu Synopsis Recent years have seen renewed interest in social capital and the way in which civic associations and personal trust by affecting individual life chances and societal well being generate both private and public goods Yet associational membership can be vertically and horizontally segmented for women and men and this study examines alternative explanations for these differences Structural accounts stress the way that the social cleavages of gender age and class are closely related to the unequal distribution of civic resources including time money knowledge and skills Cultural explanations emphasize the attitudes and values that women and men bring to social engagement including their prior motivational interests and ideological beliefs Agency accounts focus upon the role of informal mobilizing mechanisms generated by family friends and colleagues In short these explanations suggest that women participate less in associational life because they can t because they won t or because nobody asked them We examine these propositions and consider their implications for the social networks of women and men as well as for the well being of our communities For the conference on Gender and Social Capital St John s College University of Manitoba 2 3 May 2003 For more details see Ronald Inglehart and Pippa Norris Rising Tide Gender Equality and Cultural Change Worldwide Cambridge University Press 2003 1 GENDER AND SOCIAL CAPITAL NORRIS 4 16 2003 9 38 PM Social capital theories have stimulated renewed interest in the world of voluntary associations and community associations The core



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