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Peer Mediated Strategies Procedural



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Peer Mediated Strategies Ian James Nutkis Summer 2008 Caldwell College Agenda Brief Description of Research Identification of Sources Components of Teaching Strategies References Conducting My Search Psych INFO EBSCO Key words for search PEER MEDIATED STRATEGIES PEERS SIBLINGS PEER MODELS What are Peer Mediating Strategies The use of social competent peers to model and reinforce appropriate social behavior Promote Peer efforts by arranging environments to provide optimal interaction and responding Teach typical peers to reinforce target behaviors Teach peers how to initiate social interactions Provide training for children with Autism on how to socialize with peers Social Skills ability to relate to others in a reciprocally reinforcing manner and the ability to generalize to new social interactions Schopler Mesibov 1986 Why Focus so Much on Socialization with Peers Without appropriate social skills children will be more likely to engage in problems behavior As the child becomes older and life calls for more socialization an increase in anti social behavior may increase A limited opportunity to learn how to behave appropriately from peer modeling Kennedy Shukla 1995 Pollard 1998 Scott Clark Brady 2000 Explanation of Deficit Spontaneity Flexibility The inability to observe peers and concentrate on the correct context of the social interaction leads the child to behave inappropriately in these situations Children with Autism may want to interact however without the proper skills it may appear that they do not because their initiations and responses are inappropriate Scott et al 2000 Teaching Strategies for Children with Autism Previous teaching strategies were conducted through adult mediated approaches Rogers 2000 explained that when teaching social skills a problem of generalization with peers has resulted in inappropriate use of the acquired skills Bandura 1977 Contests that social interactions with peers results in appropriate future novel interactions as the child



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