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Page 1 UNITED STATES PETITIONER v ANTOINE JONES 10 1259 SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES November 8 2011 Argued January 23 2012 Decided PRIOR HISTORY United States v Maynard 615 F 3d 544 392 U S App D C 291 2010 U S App LEXIS 16417 2010 DISPOSITION 1 Affirmed OPINION JUSTICE SCALIA delivered the opinion of the Court We decide whether the attachment of a Global Positioning System GPS tracking device to an individual s vehicle and subsequent use of that device to monitor the vehicle s movements on public streets constitutes a search or seizure within the meaning of the Fourth Amendment I In 2004 respondent Antoine Jones owner and operator of a nightclub in the District of Columbia came under suspicion of trafficking in narcotics and was made the target of an investigation by a joint FBI and Metropolitan Police Department task force Officers employed various investigative techniques including visual surveillance of the nightclub installation of a camera focused on the front door of the club and a pen register and wiretap covering Jones s cellular phone Based in part on information gathered from these sources in 2005 the Government applied to the United States District Court for the District of Columbia for a warrant authorizing the use of an electronic tracking device on the Jeep Grand Cherokee registered to Jones s wife A warrant issued authorizing installation of the device in the District of Columbia and within 5 10 days On the 11th day and not in the District of Columbia but in Maryland 1 agents installed a GPS tracking device on the undercarriage of the Jeep while it was parked in a public parking lot Over the next 28 days the Government used the device to track the vehicle s movements and once had to replace the device s battery when the vehicle was parked in a different public lot in Maryland By means of signals from multiple satellites the device established the vehicle s location within 50 to 100 feet and communicated that location by cellular phone to a

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