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Ego Control, Ego Resiliency, and the Five-Factor Model



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Journal of Abnormal Psychology 1997 Vol 106 No 3 404 415 Copyright 1997 by the American Psychological Association Inc 0021 843X 97 S3 00 Ego Control Ego Resiliency and the Five Factor Model as Predictors of Behavioral and Emotional Problems in Clinic Referred Children and Adolescents Stanley J Huey Jr and John R Weisz University of California Los Angeles The relations of Ego control EC Ego resiliency ER and the Five Factor Model of Personality FFM with behavioral and emotional problems were explored among 116 clinic referred children Within the EC ER model Ego undercontrol was most important in predicting externalizing problems and both Ego brittleness the relative absence of ER and Ego undercontrol made equal contributions to predicting internalizing problems Within the FFM Extraversion and Agreeableness were independent predictors of externalizing problems whereas only Neuroticism predicted internalizing problems When the EC ER model was tested against the FFM the latter model appeared to outperform the former in predicting externalizing but not internalizing problems when clinical syndrome groups were examined dimensions from both personality models were differentially salient for children with primary internalizing externalizing or comorbid problems A growing body of work has emerged linking personality attributes to patterns of psychopathology in children e g Allsopp Feldman 1976 Eysenck 1981 Furnham Thompson 1991 John Caspi Robins Moffitt Stouthamer Loeber 1994 Lane 1987 Moffitt 1993 However two prominent models of personality with hypothesized relations to behavioral and emotional problems in children the Ego control Ego resiliency model J H Block Block 1980 and the Five Factor Model of Personality FFM Robins John Caspi 1994 have received little attention from clinical researchers and have rarely been studied in clinical samples Considering the nominal and conceptual similarities between these personality dimensions and conventional domains of child



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