UK PAS 645 - The Emotional Distress of Infertility (19 pages)

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The Emotional Distress of Infertility



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The Emotional Distress of Infertility

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Pages:
19
School:
University of Kentucky
Course:
Pas 645 - Master's Project

Unformatted text preview:

1 The Emotional Distress of Infertility This paper is being provided to the Class of 2007 as an example of a Master s Project paper and should be used solely by those students This paper is not intended for publication or for any other use The author retains all copyright privileges Please respect the author s work and use this material as intended 2 Abstract Background A couple is considered medically infertile after 12 months of regular unprotected intercourse The cause of their infertility can be due to a number of factors although making the actual determination can be very difficult Regardless of cause many of these couples will undergo various treatment regimens inorder to conceive and most of those couples will experience some level of emotional distress Not only realizing but also addressing the psychological aspects of infertility has much clinical significance Therapeutic intervention and influence may help prevent the development of emotional disorders associated with an infertility diagnosis and treatment Objective The inability to achieve a pregnancy and a diagnosis of infertility can cause many emotional responses such as guilt anxiety depression frustration and grief Recent studies have been performed indicating the significant impact of an infertility diagnosis and treatment on the psychological well being of both women and men Many of these individuals have shown higher scores on anxiety and depression scales psychological evaluation tests indicating the need for psychological support higher levels of grief and decreased marital and sexual satisfaction levels Women tend to experience more distress than men The women reported more concerns than men in the areas of life satisfaction sexuality self blame self esteem and avoidance of others How each individual copes with the diagnosis and treatment has shown to have an impact on their stress levels as well Those that utilized more effective coping behaviors social networks such as family friends other



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