Westmont POL 104 - Simulation Facts and Issue (2 pages)

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Simulation Facts and Issue



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Simulation Facts and Issue

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Pages:
2
School:
Westmont College
Course:
Pol 104 - Constitutional Law
Constitutional Law Documents

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Constitutional Law POL 104 Citizens United v Federal Election Commission No 08 205 FACTS AND ISSUE1 Facts In modern national election campaigns for President and for members of Congress increasingly sophisticated modes of communication seek to capture the voting public s attention and to shape election outcomes In various media including films the attack ad is one of the most ubiquitous kinds of message that campaign organizations or private advocacy groups put out Congress made a major effort to put some limits on such so called electioneering communications including attack ads when in 2002 it passed the Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act Since then the Supreme Court has spent a good deal of time and energy sorting out constitutional issues surrounding one of the Act s most controversial sections Section 203 the electioneering communications section The Court in the 2003 decision in McConnell v FEC upheld that provision as written that is against facial constitutional challenges targeting its very wording More recently the Court has returned with some frequency to resolving challenges to Section 203 as it has been applied in the context of specific political messages It returns to that exploration in Citizens United v Federal Election Commission Section 203 a modern echo of federal regulation that goes back to 1907 is aimed at corporations including non profit advocacy organizations using the corporate form and at labor unions It does not restrict corporate or union expenditures used to finance campaign communications when those are paid for out of a PAC a political action committee But if a corporation or union wishes to spend its own treasury funds Section 203 bars the use of those funds to finance communications that refer to a clearly identified candidate for the presidency or for Congress on radio television cable TV or satellite broadcast within 30 days before a primary election or nominating convention or within 60 days before a general election Along with



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