UNCW PLS 304 - Techniques for Evaluating Alternatives (12 pages)

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Techniques for Evaluating Alternatives



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Techniques for Evaluating Alternatives

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Lecture Notes


Pages:
12
School:
University of North Carolina Wilmington
Course:
Pls 304 - Intro Public Policy Analysis

Unformatted text preview:

PLS 304 Introduction to Public Policy Analysis Mark T Imperial Ph D Topic Techniques for Evaluating Alternatives What is Policy Analysis Policy analysis can be defined simply as the provision of policy relevant information to decisionmakers Typically this involves the systematic investigation of alternative policy options and the gathering and display of evidence for and against each option It also involves the focused systematic analysis of the outputs of governments and their effects on society It looks at the connection between goals and the extent to which a given policy achieves those goals This means it is a problem solving approach the collection and interpretation of information and some attempt to predict the consequences of alternative courses of action This definition has 4 key elements Goals including normative constraints and relative weights for the goals Policies programs projects decisions options means or other alternatives that are available for achieving the goals Relations between the policies and goals including relations that are established in intuition authority statistics observation deduction guesses or other means Drawing a conclusion as to which policy or combination of policies is best to adopt in light of the goals policies and relations Basic steps of policy analysis process Verifying defining and detailing the problem Establishing goals objectives or other evaluative criteria Searching for alternatives Evaluating the impacts of alternative policies Evaluating comparing and ranking the alternatives Monitoring the implemented policy Note the commonalities of the rational decision model Wide Range of Approaches to Policy Analysis Most of Which Rely on the Rational Bounded Rational Decision Making Model Ration decisionmakers are value maximizers that try to reach an optimum decision given a set of constraints Model of decision making is commonly attributed to economists who have a clear and consistent system of preferences knowledge



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