Berkeley ETHSTD 196 - Uprooting Forests, Planting Trees (24 pages)

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Uprooting Forests, Planting Trees



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Uprooting Forests, Planting Trees

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Pages:
24
School:
University of California, Berkeley
Course:
Ethstd 196 - Senior Thesis
Senior Thesis Documents

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Uprooting Forests Planting Trees Success of Compensatory Afforestation Measures Mitigating the Deforestation for the Sardar Sarovar Dam India Dipti Bhatnagar Abstract Large dams found on practically all the major rivers of the world have been criticized for negative environmental social and economic consequences This study assesses the success of a process known as Compensatory Afforestation a measure to mitigate the deforestation of 13 000 hectares of forest land caused by inundation of land by the Sardar Sarovar Dam on the Narmada River in western India Tribal people and peasants living in or near these forests traditionally use the forests as an important community resource for firewood medicinal herbs forest produce etc The mitigation process involves tree plantations carried out on 13 000 hectares of land to compensate for the forests lost to flooding The methodology used for the study included a combination of interviewing villagers village heads government and forest officials visiting plantation sites to cross check interviewees claims and analyzing government documents It was found that each region displayed different shortcomings in the planning and implementation of CAF However results varied widely between different regions Some sites had healthy plantations albeit undesired monoculture plantations of invasive species Other sites had unhealthy plantations with almost no tree cover and no protection Still other sites have plantations in a different ecological zone from the submerged forests Hence the main conclusion of this study is that valuable forests are being lost to inundation by the dam but they are not being compensated satisfactorily as laid out by the government s own mitigation policies described in its environmental management plan Introduction The current state of knowledge indicates that large dams have many mostly negative impacts on ecosystems to date efforts to counter the ecosystem impacts of large dams have had only limited success This



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