Mt Holyoke ES 100 - Research Paper (7 pages)

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Research Paper



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Research Paper

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Pages:
7
School:
Mount Holyoke College
Course:
Es 100 -

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Outline for documentation of Dialogue experiences best practices on use and management of Water for Food and Environment Ulew Che Ja Guatemala 2003 1 What was the problem and its context 1 1 Introduction to the problem issue The potable water service is supplied in a 70 for urban areas and in a 90 for rural areas by surface water and the rest by underground sources Out of 329 municipalities in the country 66 use gravidity systems 19 pumping and 15 mixed systems The forecast regarding potable Water demand urban and rural based on forecasts will reach for the year 2010 a total of 835 millions of cubic meters per year in global terms represents only a 1 of the surface territorial caudal The water use for irrigation systems operated by the state varies from 3 to 140 millions of cubic meters a year but it is unknown the extracted by private irrigation systems Some areas of the country however have obvious differences in terms of water specially regarding the potable water supply in the main urban centers this fact creates conflicts of irrigation practices and also in coastal areas among the large and small users of irrigation since they use the same sources An inventory about water sources in the protected forests of Totonicapan shows 1200 permanent springs which supply the nearby communities as well as a hot spring They are all protected and they have planted spices and some in natural state for instance pine cypress pinabete aliso madron ayacahuite white pine and colorado The main subject in this experience is to keep and strengthen local organization as main actor for protection and management of these forests 1 2 Background The millenary Totonicapan forest extents 21 172 hectares and it is mainly covered by coniferous forests specially pinabet Abies Guatemalensis The legal character of the forest is of community own and it is considered having the best conservation conditions in Guatemala Ulew Che Ja Land Tree and Water in Mayan kiche language is a community



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