ROCKHURST HS 3892 - African American History (16 pages)

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African American History



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African American History

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16
School:
Rockhurst University
Course:
Hs 3892 - The History of African Americans since the Civil War
The History of African Americans since the Civil War Documents

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Reconstruction African American History HS 3892 Frederick Douglass Born a slave in Md Abolitionist North Star Recruited Black soldiers during Civil War Advocated suffrage for African Americans and women U S Minister to Haiti Sojourner Truth Born a slave in N Y Abolitionist and Women s Rights Activist advocated women s suffrage Worked with Freedmen s Bureau after the Civil War Promoted Black migration to the West Exodusters Questions following Emancipation 13th Amendment ended slavery Now that slaves were free where was their place in the society Were they citizens Could they vote Slavery is not abolished until the black man has the ballot Frederick Douglass Emancipation did away with 3 5 clause freedmen now counted as a whole person If freedmen were not able to vote Southern whites would get more seats in Congress without diluting any of their votes helping the white South Did they get any land 40 Acres and a Mule Freedmen s Bureau The nation s first federal welfare agency established in 1865 to provide relief for free blacks and poor whites after the war The Freedmen s Bureau founded more than 4000 schools including Howard Univ along with hospitals job training shelter and food The Freedmen s Bureau from Harpers Weekly July 25 1868 page 473 The Black Codes Laws est by southern governments following the war to restrict black movement Required blacks to sign yearly labor contracts designated unemployed blacks as vagrants who could be hired out to white landowners provided for the apprenticing of black children to white employers without the consent of their parents forbid interracial marriage established curfews for blacks 14th Amendment In order to protect black civil rights in 1866 Congress passed the 14th Amendment which forbade states from depriving any citizen of the equal protection of the laws barred many ex Confederates from holding state or national office threatened to reduce the South s representation in Congress if black men continued to be kept from



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