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Om: One tool for many (Indian) languages



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1348 Ganapathiraju et al J Zhejiang Univ SCI 2005 6A 11 1348 1353 Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE ISSN 1009 3095 http www zju edu cn jzus E mail jzus zju edu cn Om One tool for many Indian languages GANAPATHIRAJU Madhavi 1 BALAKRISHNAN Mini2 BALAKRISHNAN N 2 REDDY Raj 1 1Language Technologies Institute Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh PA 15213 USA 2 Supercomputer Education and Research Centre Indian Institute of Science Bangalore 560 012 India E mail madhavi cs cmu edu balki serc iisc ernet in rr cmu edu Received Aug 5 2005 revision accepted Sept 10 2005 Abstract Many different languages are spoken in India each language being the mother tongue of tens of millions of people While the languages and scripts are distinct from each other the grammar and the alphabet are similar to a large extent One common feature is that all the Indian languages are phonetic in nature In this paper we describe the development of a transliteration scheme Om which exploits this phonetic nature of the alphabet Om uses ASCII characters to represent Indian language alphabets and thus can be read directly in English by a large number of users who cannot read script in other Indian languages than their mother tongue It is also useful in computer applications where local language tools such as email and chat are not yet available Another significant contribution presented in this paper is the development of a text editor for Indian languages that integrates the Om input for many Indian languages into a word processor such as Microsoft WinWord The text editor is also developed on Java platform that can run on Unix machines as well We propose this transliteration scheme as a possible standard for Indian language transliteration and keyboard entry Key words Om transliteration Indian language technologies Text editor doi 10 1631 jzus 2005 A1348 Document code A CLC number TP391 INTRODUCTION India is a nation with pluralistic culture a large number of cultures ethnicities languages and



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