USC PSYC 100 - Psychotherapy (5 pages)

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Today's notes cover psychotherapy, old methods of treatment and current-day methods.

Lecture number:
Lecture Note
University of Southern California
Psyc 100 - Introduction to Psychology

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PSYC 100 1st Edition Lecture 22 Outline of Last Lecture I Affective disorders a Depression b Bipolar disorder Outline of Current Lecture I II III Early psychiatric treatments a ECT b Lobotomy c rTMS d ABA Phobias Therapy Current Lecture Early Psychiatric Treatment Lobotomy 1935 cut fibers in white matter connecting thalamus and limbic system with frontal lobes Rationale these brain systems underlie emotional and reasoning Some early research with non human primates and suggested that this might work to reduce irrational emotionality Did it work poor tests used to assess improvement Poor research methods no R DB PC CTs In 1952 procedure abandoned Regarded as not generally effective some severe side effects Modern version cingulectomy tracheotomy Applied when psychotherapy and drug treatments don t work ECT Electroconvulsive Therapy for severe depression when drug or behavioral treatments are not effective Has also been used to treat mania and schizophrenia rTMS procedure magnetic pulses stimulate the left prefrontal cortex linked to depression Invented as a tool to investigate mental processes Seemed to elevate the subject s mood Applied behavior analysis ABA Modifcation of unlearned and learned behaviors by applying principles of conditioning and reinforcement Conditioning based therapies attempt to weaken learned associations or extinguish existing habitual responses unlike drug therapies Emphasis is on modifying disturbed distressing maladaptive behavior rather than on underlying causes Extinction procedures counter conditioning positive reinforcement and shaping of desired behaviors punishment procedures to suppress unwanted behaviors combine conditioning theory and cognitive theory Nathan Azrin believes in 1 day toilet training Use modeling and observational learning and some informed common sense Generalized Anxiety Disorder worry more or less continuously muscle tension irritability difficulty sleeping attuned to threatening stimuli hypervigilance to a far

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