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Deductive-versus-Inductive-Reasoning



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Deductive versus Inductive Reasoning Objectives Use a Venn diagram to determine the validity of an argument Complete a pattern with the most likely possible next item Explain and general rule or pattern given a word and letter pairing Suggested Problems page 9 problems 3 5 9 10 11 13 17 21 25 27 29 30 31 33 35 39 41 42 44 Vocabulary deductive reasoning syllogism inductive reasoning Venn diagram valid invalid argument Possible Classroom Examples Draw a Venn diagram to represent each syllogism 1 No one who can afford health insurance is unemployed 2 All politicians can afford health insurance Therefore no politician is unemployed 1 All homeless people are unemployed 2 Roseanne is not a homeless person Therefore Roseanne is not unemployed Draw a Venn diagram to determine the validity of the argument 1 All doctors are men 2 My mother is a doctor Therefore my mother is a man Deductive versus Inductive Reasoning Page 1 of 2 Classify each argument as deductive or inductive 1 I ate a chili dog at Joe s and got indigestion 2 I ate a chili dog at Ruby s and got indigestion Therefore chili dogs give me indigestion 1 All spicy foods give me indigestion 2 Chili dogs are spicy food Therefore chili dogs give me indigestion What is the most likely next number or letter 1 2 4 7 4 7 10 4 31 28 31 30 O T T F T F S S Determine the rule for assigning the letter to each word addition difference product divisor fraction n e t r exponent difference product quotient factor f j p v Deductive versus Inductive Reasoning Page 2 of 2



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