UIUC PSYC 100 - Week 3.5 Psych 100 (2 pages)

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Week 3.5 Psych 100



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Week 3.5 Psych 100

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Pages:
2
School:
University of Illinois at Urbana, Champaign
Course:
Psyc 100 - Intro Psych

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Week 3 5 Psych 100 The distinct features of Psychology Thursday September 12 2013 1 59 PM 1 Exceptionally broad Topics studied include Biochemistry Physiology Sociology Anthropology 2 Multilayered To overcome over determination of events Topics studied Functions Nature of causality in human relationships Single events have multiple causes our explanations must therefore be multi layered In other words complex behaviors inherently have multiple causes including biological psychological environmental 3 Nomothetic versus Idiographic Nomothetic laws General laws and are thought to apply to all people at all times and in all situations e g If a person does something and are given a positive reinforcement soon after e g rewards they are more likely to do that in the future This is true independent of sex race geographical location etc In general we are motivated to maximize duration and intensity of pleasure and minimize pain Other examples principles of learning principles of perception Such laws explain how we are all the same Idiographic laws laws that are used to explain our uniqueness e g individual personalities Psychologically aspires to be simultaneously nomothetic and ideographic e g All of us are motivated to maximize pleasure and minimize pain nomothetic but the way each individual tries to maximize pleasure and minimize pain will be different idiographic Correlational Methods 1 2 3 4 5 Scatterplots vs Coefficients 0 no relationship direct relationship inverse relationship Causal inference Strength Weakness relationships between variables Advantages of correlational relationships i Very useful in identifying phenomena that we want to understand better e g 1 People who were abused as children are more likely to abuse children over a long period of time compared to people who were not abused as children This does not mean that if a given individual was abused as a child they will definitely abuse a child in the future In other words there is a correlation between



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