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Mission 2 Glossary



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Mission 2 Glossary Mission 2 Glossary air substance needed by many living things including plants animals and humans anther the male part of the flower that produces the pollen bulb a miniature packaged plant that contains everything needed to grow a new plant made up of special scale leaves and food for the plant carbohydrate an organic compound such as sugar or starch which provides energy for living organisms carbon dioxide a gas from the air that is used by plants for photosynthesis also known as CO2 cells the basic structural and functioning units of all living things chlorophyll green material in plants that is created in the presence of light and is important for photosynthesis waxy coating that protects the leaf cuticle cutting a part of a plant s leaves roots or stem which is planted and grows into a new plant dormant being in a resting state not currently growing exhale to breathe out filament fine stalk that holds up the anther flower reproductive part of a plant fruit ripe mature ovary that contains seeds germination activation of a seed that causes it to start to grow glucose a simple sugar that plants make and use as food gravitropism the response of plants to gravity roots move towards the pull of gravity and shoots move away from the pull of gravity Mission 2 Glossary herbaceous leaf describes plants that have stems that are soft These plants die back to the ground in the winter green part of a plant that collects light and carbon dioxide for photosynthesis nutrients sources of nourishment for living things that are important for growth and survival orient to become adjusted and position oneself to align with respect to a point of reference ovary part of the female flower that contains the ovules ovule part of the ovary that becomes a seed oxygen substance released into the air by plants as a result of photosynthesis Plants take in carbon dioxide and release oxygen while humans take in oxygen and release carbon dioxide petal specialized structure



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