Exam 1 Study guide

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HIST 106 1nd Edition Exam # 1 Study Guide Lectures: 1 - 9 Lecture 1 (January 14) The Civil War:  The North lost 360,000 people but they could afford to lose them b/c they had so many people  The South lost 260,000  Lincoln’s government spent 4 billion dollars on building factories and railroads in the North  The South spent 2 billion dollars on things overseas and eventually they money was lost  Lincoln’s 10 Percent Plan: a southern state could be readmitted into the Union once 10 percent of its voters swore an oath of allegiance to the Union.  Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction: offered “full pardon” and restoration of property (not slaves) to any white southerner willing to swear an oath of the US and its laws. o This angered the Radical Republicans: a group of republican congressmen who advocated equal rights for the freed men and harsh treatment of the South.  1863 Emancipation Proclamation: was designed to pull the rug out from the southern economy. Does not free slaves in North or in Border States. Only frees slaves in South.  Andrew Johnson’s Reconstruction Plan: he extended the pardons and restored property rights to southerners who swore an oath to allegiance. Plan says nothing about voting/ civil rights of former slaves.  Organizations were formed to protect the South o The Black Codes: laws denying the rights of citizenship of freed black slaves. o KKK: an organization of vandals who assaulted newly freed slaves.  Definition of KKK: circle of like minded people  1929 in Bryan, TX last clinching we know of  Civil Rights Bill: gave full citizenship for African Americans  Freedom’s Bureau: agency to provide social, educational, and economical services, advice, and protection to former slaves  Throughout the reconstruction era, black voters made up the Southern Republican Party  “ carpetbaggers”: white northern from Union army who stayed in the South after the war  “scalawags”: southern whites, small land owning farmers and well off merchants and planters  1869: Congress passed Fifteenth Amendment: guaranteed the right of American men to vote regardless of race  Sharecropping: labor system that evolved after Reconstruction, landowners furnished laborers with a house, farm animals, and tools and advanced credit in exchange for a share of the laborers’ crop Lecture 2 (January 16) Industrial Revolution  1850: 9000 miles of railroads in the US  1900: 200,000 miles of railroads tracks  1867 type writer  1878: telegraph  1876: telephone  1870: The flush toilet by Thomas Crapper o Sanitation was changed  By 1900 the US was the world’s leading producer You need 4 things to industrialize: 1. Nationalism: irrational and radical patriotism, a belief that God is on your side; that your country is worth it; place your country ahead of individual; 2. A New View of Money: not only is money important, but also are they people that have it 3. Legal Structure: that enables you to ...

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