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Social Revolution the State and War



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Social Revolution the State and War How Revolutions affect War Making Capacity and Interstate War Outcomes Jeffrey Carter Michael Bernhard and Glenn Palmer Abstract Democracy has been the primary focus of our efforts to understand the impact of domestic institutions on processes of international conflict In this paper we examine how a particular non democratic regime type post revolutionary states affects military capabilities and war outcomes Drawing on scholarship that conceptualizes revolutions as a unique class of modernizing events that result in stronger state structures we argue that post revolutionary states should be better able to mobilize populations and economic resources for military purposes Tests performed on a comprehensive sample of twentieth century states and interstate wars confirm our predictions postrevolutionary states have larger better funded militaries and achieve more successful war outcomes The behavioral literature on conflict and war has been quite open to other parts of the discipline especially in its quest to get the correct mix of domestic level variables And here its utilization of the concept of regime form of rule most strongly associated with comparative politics has been exceptionally productive Two of the more interesting and enduring findings in contemporary political science have emerged out of this tradition the propensity of democracies to avoid war with each other Maoz and Russett 1993 Russett and ONeal 2001 and the overwhelming success of democracies in interstate wars Lake 1992 Reiter and Stam 2002 Research on dangerous democratizers Mansfield and Snyder 1995 Ward and Gleditsch 1998 the dictatorial peace Peceny et al 2002 and autocratic audience costs Weeks 2008 notwithstanding much of the scholarship that links regime type to international conflict behavior focuses exclusively on the presence absence or degree of democratic political institutions in a country While the results of this stream of research have been



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