View Full Document

CHAPTER 3 Additional Potential Effects of Nuclear War on Ecological Systems



View the full content.
View Full Document
View Full Document

1 views

Unformatted text preview:

Environmental Consequences of Nuclear War Volume II Ecological and Agricultural Effects Edited by M A Harwell and T e Hutchinson 1985 SCOPE Published by John Wiley Sons Ltd CHAPTER 3 Additional Potential Effects of Nuclear War on Ecological Systems THOMAS C HUTCHINSON MARK A HARWELL WENDELL P CROPPER JR AND HERBERT D GROVER Primary Contributions by C C Harwell M Havas K Limburg D W H Walton R C Worrest 3 1 INTRODUCTION In the event of a major nuclear war ecological systems would be exposed to unprecedented levels and combinations of radiation toxic materials and climatic stresses It is difficult to specify probable biological responses to such conditions because of variability and uncertainty in the potential exposure levels and lack of experimental evidence comparable to a post nuclear war environment Ecosystem responses to nuclear war induced climatic stresses were discussed in Chapter 2 In this chapter we initially summarize biological and ecosystem responses to enhanced UV B air pollutants radiation and fire The concentrations and biological responses associated with these perturbations are based on current experience and experimentation Additional research is needed to quantify probable post nuclear war exposures and potential responses Many of these stresses would be experienced at significant levels only in restricted regions For example significant acid rain and acid fogs and elevated air pollutant exposures would probably be restricted to quite localized regions associated with burning urban and industrial targets However these localized exposure zones could be widely distributed in North America Europe and Asia as well as in other targeted regions The effects of enhanced UV B could be felt throughout the Northern Hemisphere and perhaps the entire Earth The most serious radiation exposure would probably be limited to areas of high dose rate local fallout rather than involving areas that experienced only global fallout Nevertheless such local fallout areas



Access the best Study Guides, Lecture Notes and Practice Exams

Loading Unlocking...
Login

Join to view CHAPTER 3 Additional Potential Effects of Nuclear War on Ecological Systems and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or
We will never post anything without your permission.
Don't have an account?
Sign Up

Join to view CHAPTER 3 Additional Potential Effects of Nuclear War on Ecological Systems and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or

By creating an account you agree to our Privacy Policy and Terms Of Use

Already a member?