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TOWARD A GLOBAL CIVIL SOCIETY



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TOWARD a GLOBAL CIVIL SOCIETY At macro global level of analysis economic political and cultural activities may be more structured by organizations than in earlier historical periods Vast networks of public private nonprofit orgs weave together local communities nation states and transnational entities A major task is to explain these emerging org l forms their diffusion and the consequences of these trends for individuals and societies Two perspectives for investigating where macro level org l trends may be headed are civil society and globalization UN s Concept of Civil Society United Nations Development Programme s Civil Society Division works with a differentiated conceptual framework The new task of UNDP is to identify and work with all parts of the private sphere that can contribute effectively to social human development Dynamic fuzzy boundaries of civil society at the interfaces of Regime in power Public institutions gov bureaucracy Governance system the way politics and government interact Market and its actors Affinities obligations of extended families Fuzzy Boundaries Millennium Development Goals UN Millennium Development Goals were adopted in 2002 by a consensus of experts from the UN Development Programme OECD IMF and World Bank The goals for 2015 1 Cut extreme poverty hunger in half 2 Achieve universal primary education 3 Promote gender equality empower women 4 Reduce under five mortality by 2 3rds 5 Reduce maternal mortality by 3 4ths 6 Reverse spread of HIV AIDS malaria TB 7 Ensure environmental sustainability 8 Global development partnership aid debt D onor resources can play an important role in strengthening the ability to use resources effectively This is a focus of UNDP work in many countries in partnership with governments donors and civil society Are these goals Utopian Cost estimates for meeting most MDGs by 2015 would require additional 50B year in official development assistance doubling current aid levels No G 7 nation has reached agreed



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