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GeneralistPracticeandIntroductoryTheory.ppt



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Generalist Practice and Introductory Theory Chapter 4 Introduction The profession was actually founded on a generalist premise that social workers needed to consider and work with both the individual and the environment as they attempted to improve the life quality and functioning of individuals groups and communities Introduction When a person comes into a social worker s office requesting help or when the social worker visits an individual in a homeless shelter the purpose of the meeting is to enhance the person s well being or social functioning When the social worker meets with a state legislative committee or a local school board the professional purpose is to help them design programs that will alleviate poverty and oppression and meet the basic human needs Introduction Social workers don t pick and choose what problems and issues they would like to address They see a problem even a very difficult problem and try to help people solve it They must prepare themselves to help people with individualized personal problems on the one hand and very broad problems that affect whole organizations and communities on the other KirstAshman and Hull Need for a Theoretical Framework CSWE has required that schools teach a series of classes under the title of Human Behavior and the Social Environment HBSE HBSE sequence has been a basic mechanism to help the professional focus on the perspective of the person and the environment with a proper understanding of the important interaction that goes on between people and the context in which they live Need for a Theoretical Framework Dual perspective assists the social worker to incorporate theories into practice that explain how individuals grow and develop socially biologically emotionally and spiritually The dual perspective has encouraged an understanding of social structures systems and cultural norms that play such an important part in the lives of all people Framework In the early days of social work the interactive



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