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Recovery and Rebirth: The Renaissance



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Chapter 12 Recovery and Rebirth The Renaissance Timeline Meaning and Characteristics of the Italian Renaissance Renaissance Rebirth Jacob Burkhardt Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy 1860 Urban Society Age of Recovery Rebirth of Greco Roman culture Emphasis on individual ability The Making of Renaissance Society Economic Recovery Italian cities lose economic supremacy Hanseatic League Manufacturing Textiles printing mining and metallurgy Banking Florence and the Medici The Polish City of Gdansk An Important Member of the Hanseatic League Social Changes in the Renaissance The Nobility Reconstruction of the aristocracy Aristocracy 2 3 percent of the population Baldassare Castiglione 1478 1529 The Book of the Courtier 1528 Service to the prince Peasants and Townspeople Peasants Peasants 85 90 percent of population Decline of manorial system and serfdom Urban Society Patricians Petty burghers shopkeepers artisans guildmasters and guildsmen The poor and unemployed Slaves Family and Marriage in Renaissance Italy Husbands and Wives Arranged Marriages Husband head of household Wife managed household Children Childbirth Sexual Norms The Italian States in the Renaissance Five Major Powers Milan Venice Florence The Medici The Papal States Kingdom of Naples Independent City States Mantua Ferrara Urbino The Role of Women Warfare in Italy Struggle between France and Spain Invasion and division Map 12 1 Renaissance Italy The Birth of Modern Diplomacy Modern diplomacy a product of Renaissance Italy Changing concept of the ambassador Resident ambassadors Agents of the territorial state Machiavelli and the New Statecraft Niccolo Machiavelli 1469 1527 The Prince Acquisition maintenance and expansion of political power Cesare Borgia Italian Renaissance Humanism Classical Revival Petrarch 1304 1374 Humanism in Fifteenth Century Italy Leonardo Bruni 1370 1444 New Cicero Lorenzo Valla 1407 1457 Humanism and Philosophy Marsilio Ficino 1433 1499 Translates Plato s dialogues Synthesis



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