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CUNY SCL 103 - Drug Studies

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DRUG STUDIESNAME: SPN GROUP: 4 Ethambutol…Generic8. AntiviralB. GENITOURINARY SYSTEM DIURETICSANALGESICC. CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM ANTI-ARRHYTHMICS/CARDIOGLYCOSIDES/CARDIOTONICSANTI-HYPERTENSIVESANTI-ANGINALSHEMATOLOGIC AGENTSD. RESPIRATORY SYSTEM EXPECTORANTSBRONCHODILATORSANTIHISTAMINEE. GASTROINTESTINAL SYSTEMH2 RECEPTOR ANTAGONISTSBRONCHODILATORSANTIHISTAMINEF. GASTROINTESTINAL SYSTEMH2 RECEPTOR ANTAGONISTSANTACIDSANTI-EMETICSLAXATIVESFECAL SOFTENERANTI-DIARRHEALSNON-NARCOTIC ANALGESICSNARCOTIC ANALGESICSANTICONVULSANTSANTI PARKINSON AGENTSCHOLINERGICSNAME: SPN GROUP: SEDATIVE/HYPNOTICS/ANTI-ANXIETYANTI-DEPRESSANTSCITY UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK LAGUARDIA COMMUNITY COLLEGE PRACTICAL NURSING PROGRAM SPRING I 2007 SCL 103 PETRA RAMNARINE JENELE TROTMAN NARDEEP SOHAL LAQUETTE ROUNDTREE MARIE JIMENEZ ALONA ISAMAN VIVA LUMBERA NA PANG LYNBOR SASONOVA EDENETH FLORES SOLOMON MUSAYEU DRUG STUDIES Instructions: Indicate whether the drug listed is a generic (G) or trade (T) name. Then provide the other drug name. Also, list at least 2 side effects and at least 2 nursing interventions for each drug.CITY UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK LAGUARDIA COMMUNITY COLLEGE PRACTICAL NURSING PROGRAM SPRING I 2007 SCL 103 DRUG STUDIES NAME: SPN GROUP: A. ANTIBIOTICS/ANTIMICROBIALS/ANTI-INFECTIVES 1. SULFAMETHOXAZOLE TRIMETHOPRIM…..Generic Other name…..Apo-sulfatrim (T) Side Effects….CNS, fatigue and headache. Route……PO Nurse implementation: Administer with lots of water Nurse implementation: Use cautiously in impaired hepatic or renal runction. 2. Penicillins 1. Amoxicillin……Generic Other name…….Novamoxin (T) Side Effects…….CNS, seizure Route…….PO Nurse implementation: Observe for signs of rashes, laryngeal edema, wheezing. Nurse implementation: Notify physian if these signs show. 2. Ampicillin…….Generic Other name…… Side Effects……CNS, seizures Side Effects…….diarrhea Route…….PO /IM/ IV Nurse implementation: Obtain history before initiating therapy to determine previous use and reaction to medication. Nurse implecation: Obtain specimens for cultureand sensitivity before initiating therapy. 3. penicillin G……Generic Other name…….Pfizerpen (T) Side Effects…….CNS, seizures Route…….PO/ IV /IM Nurse implecation: After administering check for anaphylaxis, rashes, edema, wheezing Nursing implementation: Use calibrated measuring devices for liquid.CITY UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK LAGUARDIA COMMUNITY COLLEGE PRACTICAL NURSING PROGRAM SPRING I 2007 SCL 103 3. Cephalosporins 1. Cefazolin……Generic Other name….Ancef (T) Side Effects….seizures and diarrhea. Route……PO Nurse implementation: Administer around the clock on a full or empty stomach. Nurse implementation: Obtain patient history with the reaction to pencillin or cefazolin. Cefuroxime……..Generic Other name……..Zinacef (T) Side Effects…….GI, diarrhea, Side Effects……..Derm, rash Route……..PO/ IV/ IM Nurse implementation: Advise patient to report any growth on tonge, vaginal area, itching. Nurse implecation: Advise the patient to take medication around the clock and to finish all . 4. Tetracyclines ……Generic Other name……..Doxycin (T) Side Effects……..CNS, benign intracranial Side Effects……..Hypertention Route……..PO Nurse implememtation: Administer 1 hr or 2 hrs after meals Nurse implecations: Parents need to be aware may discolor kids stool to yellow brown 5. Aminoglycosides 1. Gentamycin……..Generic Other name………garamycin (T) Side Effects………Muscle paralysis, hyper sensitivity reactions. Rooute……………. Nurse implecation: Keep patient hydrated. Nurse implecation: Instruct patient to use all medication as directed. 2. Kanamycin…….Generic Other name…….Kantrex (T) Side Efects……..GU, nephrotoxicity Side Efects………MS, muscle paralysis Route…………….PO Nurse implementation: Assess for infection, VS,CITY UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK LAGUARDIA COMMUNITY COLLEGE PRACTICAL NURSING PROGRAM SPRING I 2007 SCL 103 6. Erythromycin antituberculars 7. 1. Isoniazid…..Generic Other name…Laniazid (T) Side Effects……Neuro, periphral, neuropathy Side Effects…….GI, nausea, drug induced hepatitis, vomiting Route…….PO / IM Nurse implication: If toxicity or overdose occurs treat with pyridoxide (vitaminB) Nurse implication: Mycrobaterial studies and test should done prio to and periodically throughout therapy. 2. Rifampin……..Generic Other name……Rifadin (T) Side Effects……EENT, red discoulorization of tears. Side Effects……GI, abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting. Route……..PO/ IV Nurse implementation: Assess lung sounds and character and amount of sputum periodically during therapy. Nurse implementation: Evaluate renal function, CBC, and urinalysis during therapy. 3. Pyrazinamide…..Generic Other name……..Tebraid (T) Side Effects………GI hepatotoxity (life threatening) anoxeria, nausea. Side Efects………..METAB, hyperuricemia Route……PO Nurse implementation: Monitor serumuric acid concentrations during therapy. May cause increase reception in grout. Nurse implementation: May interfere with urine ketone determinations 4 Ethambutol…Generic Other name……Etibi (T) Side Effects……EENT, optic neuritis. Side Effects…….GI, hepatitis, abdominal pain, vomiting Nurse implementation: Asses lungs and sputum periodicallay throughout treatment. Nurse implemenation: Monito renal and hepatic functions, CBC, and uric acidCITY UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK LAGUARDIA COMMUNITY COLLEGE PRACTICAL NURSING PROGRAM SPRING I 2007 SCL 103 5 amphotericin B……Generic Other name…………abelcet (T) Side Effects………….GI, diarrhea, nausea vomiting. Side Effects………….CNS, headache, dizziness, tremor. Route…………………PO Nurse implementation: Assess injection site frequently for thromphelbis or leakage. Nurse implementation: Monitor patient closely durning test dose and the 1-2 hr for fever, chills, headache, nausea, vomiting. 1. Ketoconazole……Generic Other name………Nizoral (T) Side Effects………CNS, dizziness, drowsiness Side Effects……….GI,, drug induced hepatitis,


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