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Social Cultural Frame Research Questions

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SOCIAL - CULTURAL FRAMEArgue the concept that compulsive gambling is a lesser evil than the larger overall crushing poverty experienced by many Native Americans.The Dramatic Pequot Identity RescueThose who Said No:1Extra Credit / Research Questions: By Shalin Hai-Jew SOCIAL - CULTURAL FRAME(Notes for the Instructor: These research projects may be achieved as individuals, as dyads / partners, or as teams. The findings may be reflected as oral speeches using sound files or synchronous presentations. It may involve digital artifacts, like digital video, essays, research papers, slideshows, and other elements. ) What are some ways that tribes may preserve their cultures through the moneys andleadership linked to Indian casinos? The Importance of Language for Survival “Without its language, a people might survive physically but not culturally. ‘I’m sure that a hundred years from now, there will be dark-skinned people with black hair running around the region,’ says Yup’ik Eskimo leader Harold Napoleon. ‘But will they be Yup’ik? Will they speak Yup’ik? Willl they think Yup’ik? Will they have our values? Will they be free?’” (Davidson, 1993, p. 11)---Argue the concept that compulsive gambling is a lesser evil than the larger overallcrushing poverty experienced by many Native Americans. “Certainly, there have been some negative impacts as well. It seems clear, for example, that the number of compulsive gamblers, both on and off reservations, has grown as Indian gaming has grown. However, this masks the more compelling policy finding: Given the extraordinarily bleak socioeconomic conditions prevalent in Indian Country prior to the introduction of gaming, head counts of compulsive gamblers (even ifthere were agreement on what constitutes a compulsive gambler) pale in importance beside the demonstrable improvements in social and economic indicators documented forgaming tribes.” (Cornell, Kalt, Krepps, and Taylor, July 31, 1998, p. iv)---What are some mitigations for “problem gambling”? How is this term defined? How is problem gambling treated? ---What are lessons learned in the Pequot Tribe situation? The Dramatic Pequot Identity Rescue “In the mid-1980s, the Hartford Courant wrote a human interest story about an elderly, terminally ill woman who was the lone remaining member of the Pequot tribe living on tribal land. Upon her death, if no other tribal member resided on the land, it would automatically revert back to the State of Connecticut. Upon learning of the woman’s2terminally ill condition and potential fate of the tribe, two tribal members, living I the area, moved back to the tribal land to insure that the Pequot Nation would not fade into history. They soon enticed other tribal members to move back with them but needed funds to improve the land and continue the tribe’s history” (Mashantucket Pequot Tribal Nation) (Nykiel, 2004, p. 52). ---Those who Said No: Examine the case of the Navajo Nation’s decision-making regarding Indian gaming. Analyze their rationales. Do you agree or disagree with them? Navajo Nation’s Approach: “The Navajo Nation is both the largest tribe, with over 250,000 enrolled members,and the largest reservation in the United States, covering 17.5 million acres in northwest New Mexico, northeast Arizona, and southeast Utah. In the mid-1990s, the tribe twice voted down referenda to build a casino. Opposition to a tribal casino was strongly influenced by Navajo beliefs that gambling can corrupt and destroy. In 2002, Arizona voters approved Proposition 202, which allotted casino and slot-machine rights to both the Navajo and the Hopi, who also have rejected gaming in the past. The referendum allowed each tribe to open its own casinos or to lease its rights to other tribes in the state. Recently, the Navajo announced plans to build a casino near Albuquerque in the Tohajillee Reservation, a small satellite of the main Navajo reservation. Despite tribal teachings against gambling, many Navajo hope that gaming may help raise the living standard of a people whose unemployment rate is 44 percent and whose per capita income is just over $6,000. ‘We thought we would be better off economically if we coulddo the same thing that other tribes have done in the area,’ said Tohajillee chapter president Tony Sacatero. ‘Even if you don’t have a casino here, people are still going to go someplace else. But if you build it here, the money is going to stay here.’” (Light and Rand, 2005, p. 10)---Analyze various academic programs that are linked to the Indian gaming industry (whether in the US or abroad). What are the most current academic issues? What skills are being taught? What academic topics are the most popular? The most complex? Ties between the Casino Industry and Academia Outreaches to university programs to help train individuals to work in the industry but also to enhance the research (Breen and Hing, 2002, pp. 57 – 72) Research topics in the discipline: - “The lifecycle of club industry evolution- Historical analysis of gambling in Australia - Club gaming as a motivator of day trips- Responsible service of alcohol in clubs3- Responsible provision of gaming in clubs- Characteristics and gambling behavior of club patrons- Socio-demographic profiles that support club gaming- Problem gambling amongst club members- Adequacy of problem gambling services- Stakeholder influences on gambling involvement- Substitute products for club gaming- Social responsibility in gambling- Female gambling patterns- The first text on club management in Australia” (Breen and Hing, 2002, p. 68)


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