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WOODY PLANTS WITH ORNAMENTAL FRUITS

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71ARNOLD ARBORETUMHARVARD UNIVERSITYBULLETINOF POPULAR INFORMATIONSERIES 4. VOL. IV OCTOBER 1, 1936 NUMBER 13WOODY PLANTS WITH ORNAMENTAL FRUITSORNAMENTAL fruits and autumn color are both of outstanding interest inthe fall landscape. In fact we often plant primarily with these in mind. In-teresting, bright-colored fruits are not limited to fall display alone, since thefruits of many plants start to ripen as early as June and are effective during thehot dry summer months when comparatively few of our woody shrubs are inbloom. Then, too, the ornamental fruits of many shrubs will remain on the plantslong after the leaves have dropped in the fall, thus giving interest during thedreary winter months. Since there are such a large number of plants with orna-mental fruits available, a general knowledge of the subject should help in mak-ing the home grounds more interesting during the trying months of the year.All plants do not fruit well every year for various reasons. Take for examplethe flowering crabapples. These, like all apples, have abundant fruits one yearand few fruits the following year, and little we can do will change this sequence.Every commercial orchardist is familiar with this "alternate bearing." Then, too,weather conditions have a great influence on fruit bearing as would be expected.Sometimes a plant is in too rich a soil, and all of its energies are spent in makingvegetative growths, few towards flowering and fruiting. Here a good root pruning gm~ght aid. Sometimes the application of potash or phosphorous-bearing fertilizeraids m fruit production as it always does with grains and vegetables. Plants likethe common bittersweet or the Japanese yew have the sexes on different plants,and the staminate plants will never bear fruit under any conditions. Naturally,disease and insect troubles will reduce the amount of fruit borne by plants. Borersin the trunks are also outstanding in this respect. All these things must be care-fully considered when estimating the amount of fruit that any particular plantmay produce annually.Many of the best of our ornamental fruiting shrubs and trees are listed inthe following pages, together with important notes about certain species. A care-ful study of these lists and notes will give a better understanding of what to plantfor fruiting effect.72SUMMER FRUITSRedAcer ginnalaAilanthus altissima (A. glandulosa)~Ailanthus altissima (A. glandulosa)erythrocarpa~Cornus kousa*Cornus mas*Crataegus arnoldiana$*Daphne Mezereum*Elaeagnus multiflora (E. longipes)*Lonicera bella*Lonicera Korolkovii*Lonicera MorrowiiLonicera syringantha*Lonicera tataricaLonicera thibeticaNemopanthus mucronata~Prinsepia sinensisPrinsepia unifloraPrunus avium*Prunus tomentosa*Rhus glabra+*Rhus ty phina~Ribes alpinum~Rosa Hugonis*Rosa RugosaRubus odoratus*Sambucus pubens*Shepherdia argenteatShepherdia canadensis+Sorbus americana$*Sorbus Aucuparia$*Sorbus decora$*Viburnum WrightiiAmur mapleAilanthus«Kousa DogwoodCornelian-cherryArnold HawthornFebruary DaphneCherry ElaeagnusBelle HoneysuckleBlueleaf HoneysuckleMorrow HoneysuckleLilac HoneysuckleTatarian HoneysuckleTibetan HoneysuckleMountain-hollyCherry PrinsepiaWhite PrinsepiaMazzardNanking CherrySmooth SumacStaghorn SumacMountain CurrantFather Hugo RoseRugosa RoseFlowering RaspberryScarlet ElderSilver BuffaloberryRusset BuffaloberryAmerican Mountain-ashEuropean Mountain-ashShowy Mountain-ashWright ViburnumBlue*Cornus alternifolia~Cornus Amomum*Cornus controversaLonicera coerulea*Mahonia Aquifolium~*Mahonia repens~Vaccinum pennsylvanicumVaccinum vacillans*Viburnum dentatumAlternate leaved DogwoodSilky DogwoodPagoda DogwoodSweetberry HoneysuckleOregon HollygrapeCreeping Holly grapeLowbush BlueberryDryland BlueberryArrowwood73BlackAronia melanocarpaBerberis heteropoda$Prunus Sargenti (P.serrulata sachalinensis)*Prunus serotina*Prunus virginiana~Rhamnus catharticaRhodotypos scandens (kerrioides)Ribes odoratum*Sambucus canadensisBlack ChokeberryTurkestan BarberrySargent CherryBlack CherryCommon ChokecherryCommon BuckthornJetbeadGolden CurrantAmerican ElderWhite*Cornus alba*Cornus racemosa (C. paniculata)*Cornus stolonifera*Symphoricarpus albus laevigatus(S. racemosus laevigatus)Tatarian DogwoodGray DogwoodRed Osier DogwoodGarden Snow berryMiscellaneousAmelanchier laevis*Cornus mas flava*Cotinus coggygria (Rhus cotinus)*Cotinus coggygria purpureus(Rhus cotinus purpureus)*Daphne Mezereum albaFraxinus americana iodocarpaGinko biloba+Koelreuteria paniculataKolkwitzia amabilis*Lonicera Morrowi xanthocarpa*Lonicera tatarica lutea*Malus brevipesMorus albaMorus rubraPterocarya fraxinifoliaYterocarva RehderianaPtelea trifoliataRhamnus FrangulaRobinia fertilisRobinia KelseyiDark purpleYellowGreenishPurpleYellowRed purpleGreenishGreenishBrownYellowYellowYellow to redWhite,red,blackPurpleLight greenLight greenLight greenPurplePurplePurpleAllegheny ServiceberryCommon SmoketreePurple SmmkPtreeWhite February DaphneAmerican Ash var.Maidenhair-treeChina-treeBeauty bushYellov;~ Tatarian Hone~~suckleWhite MulberryRed MulberryCaucasian Win~nutRehder ~’in~nutCommon HoptreeGlossy BuckthornKelsey Locust*Viburnum alnifolium Changing from red to blue-black Hobblebush*Viburnum Sieboldii 11 46 6 6 4 4 " Siebold Viburnum*Viburnum tomentosum 46 44 61 16 11 Doublefile Viburnum* Of outstanding value.t Mentioned in notes.74FALL AND WINTER FRUITSRedArctostaphylos uva-ursi*Aronia arbutifolia~Benzoin aestivale**Berberis aggregata~**Berberis chinensist*Berberis dictyophylla~*Berberis Gilgianal ’Berberis koreana~**Berberis Thunber~;ii~*Berberis Vernaet**Berberis vul~aris~**Cotoneaster Dielsiana~**Cotoneaster divaricata$**Cotoneaster Franchetit**Cotoneaster horizontals~*Cotoneaster microphyllal*Cotoneaster racemiflora soonhorica~*Cotoneaster salicifolia floccosa~*Cornus florida$**Crataegus arnoldiana$Crataegus crus-hall~$*Crataegus mollis~Crataegus oxyacantha~**Crataegus phaenopyrum (C. cordata~~*Evonymus alata~*Evonymus atropurpurea~*Evonymus europaea atrorubens~Evonymus obovata~Gaultheria procumbens**Ilex opaca$**Ilex verticillata$Lonicera Maakii podocarpaMagnolia species*Malus atrosanguinea~*Malus "Hopa Crab"~Malus pumila Niedzwetzkyanat*Mitchella repens*Photinia villosa~**Rhus copallina++**Rhus ~;labra~**Rhus typhina~**Ribes fasciculatum.~’,.**Rosa multiflora+BearberryRed ChokeberrySpicebushSalmon BarberryChinese BarberryChalkleaf BarberryKorean BarberryJapanese BarberryVerna BarberryEuropean BarberryDiels CotoneasterSpreading Cotoneaster’ Franchet


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