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Stem-changing Verbs

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Spanish 1 Stem-changing Verbs. Noteworthy Infinitives The Present Progressive Conjugación de verbos que cambian la raíz El presente progresivo Module 10 The stem is what is left when the ending is removed (1)The stem is what is left when the ending is removed (2)Some difficult e – ie changing verbsThe stem is what is left when the ending is removed (3)Slide Number 6Slide Number 7Slide Number 8Slide Number 9Slide Number 10Slide Number 11Slide Number 12 The Present ProgressiveIrregularly formed present participlesPresent participles for -ir stem changing verbs:Object Pronouns with the present progressiveSlide Number 17Module 9Spanish 1Stem-changing Verbs. Noteworthy InfinitivesThe Present ProgressiveConjugación de verbos que cambian la raíz El presente progresivoModule 10The Language CenterSchool of Community Education300 N.E. 2ndAvenue, Room 1158Miami, Florida 33132Office: (305) 237-3120www.mdc.CommunityEducati onatWolfson.comThe stem is what is left when the ending is removed (1)contar ( to count ) cuent- o cont-amoscuent -as cont-aíscuent- a cuent-anmover( to move)muev-o mov-emosmuev-es mov-éismuev-e muev-endormir ( to sleep )duerm-o dorm-imosduerm-es dorm-ísduerm-e duerm-en1. o changes to ue. The changes do not apply to nosotros y vosotros 1. The changes only occur to the first, second and third persons of the singular. Also to the third person of the plural.Practice Makes Perfect. Spanish Verb Tenses. Pp.50-52The stem is what is left when the ending is removed (2)cerrar ( to close ) cierr- o cerr-amoscierr -as cerr-aíscierr- a cierr-anperder( to lose)pierd-o perd-emospierd-es perd-éispierd-e pierd-enhervir ( to boil )hierv-o herv-imoshierv-es herv-íshierv-e hierv-en1. e changes to ie. The changes do not apply to nosotros y vosotros 2. The changes only occur to the first, second and third persons of the singular. Also to the third person of the plural.Practice Makes Perfect. Spanish Verb Tenses. Pp.52-54Some difficult e – ie changing verbsThe following verbs are e--ie verbs although they may have an o in their stem.The reason is that only the vowel closer to the ending should be changed:acertaradvertircomenzarconfesarconsentirconvertirdefenderempezarencenderentenderfregarhervirmentirnegarpensarperderpreferirPractice Makes Perfect. Spanish Verb Tenses. Pp.52The stem is what is left when the ending is removed (3)seguir ( to follow)sig-o segu-imossigu-es segu-íssigu-e sigu-enrepetir ( to repeat)repit-o repet-imosrepit-es repet-ísrepit-e repit-en1. e changes to i. The changes do not apply to nosotros y vosotros 2. (It occurs only in –ir verbs)3. The changes only occur to the first, second and third persons of the singular. Also the third person of the plural.4. Of the three stem changing verbs groups, this one is the smallest.Practice Makes Perfect. Spanish Verb Tenses. Pp. 54 -56Verbs ending with -cer preceeded by a vowelThese verbs are irregular only in the first person of the singular (yo), where a “c” precedes the “z”conocer (to know a person) conozco - conoces - conoce – conocemos - conocéis - conocenparecer (to seem) parezco - pareces - parece - parecemos - parecéis - parecenCertain irregular verbs in Spanish can be recognized by their infinitives following these rules:Practice Makes Perfect: Spanish Verb Tenses. Pp.57-63.Noteworthy Infinitives (1)Verbs ending with –ucir are similar to verbs ending in -cerThese verbs are irregular only in the first person of the singular (yo), a“z” is introduced at the end of the stem.producir (to produce) produzco - produces - produce – producimos - producís - producentraducir (to translate) traduzco - traduces - traduce - traducimos - traducís - traducenCertain irregular verbs in Spanish can be recognized by their infinitives following these rules:Practice Makes Perfect: Spanish Verb Tenses. Pp. 58-59Noteworthy Infinitives (2)Verbs ending with -cer and –cir preceded by a consonantThese verbs are irregular only in the first person of the singular (yo), the “c” is replaced by “z” . All other forms are regular.ejercer (to exert, exercise) ejerzo - ejerces - ejerce – ejercemos - ejercéis - ejercenzurcir (to mend) zurzo - zurces - zurce - zurcimos - zurcís - zurcenCertain irregular verbs in Spanish can be recognized by their infinitives following these rules:Practice Makes Perfect: Spanish Verb Tenses. Pp. 59-60Noteworthy Infinitives (3)Verbs ending with -ger and –gir These verbs are irregular only in the first person of the singular (yo), the “g” is replaced by “j” . All other forms are regular.coger (to catch, seize, grab) cojo - coges - coge – cogemos - cogéis - cogencorregir (to correct) corrijo - corriges - corrige - corregimos - corregís - corrigenCertain irregular verbs in Spanish can be recognized by their infinitives following these rules:Practice Makes Perfect: Spanish Verb Tenses. Pp. 60-61Noteworthy Infinitives (4)Verbs ending with -aerThese verbs are irregular only in the first person of the singular (yo), which will end in “-aigo” . All other forms are regular.caer (to fall) caigo - caes - cae – caeemos - caéis - caentraer (to bring) traigo - traes - trae - traemos - traéis - traenCertain irregular verbs in Spanish can be recognized by their infinitives following these rules:Practice Makes Perfect: Spanish Verb Tenses. Pp. 61Noteworthy Infinitives (5)Verbs ending with -uir (not preceded by g)These verbs are irregular and the change occurs in all the singular forms and the third person plural . All other forms are regular.huir (to flee, run away) huyo - huyes - huye – huímos - huís - huyendestruir (to destroy) destruyo - destruyes - destruye - destruímos - destruís - destruyenCertain irregular verbs in Spanish can be recognized by their infinitives following these rules:Practice Makes Perfect: Spanish Verb Tenses. Pp. 62Noteworthy Infinitives (6)Verbs ending with -guirThese verbs are irregular and the change occurs in the first person “yo” to use a hard g before the o . All other forms are regular.distinguir (to distinguish) distingo - distingues - distingue – distinguimos – distinguís - distinguenseguir (to follow) {e-Æi} sigo - sigues - sigue - seguímos - seguís - siguenCertain


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