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Styles

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About character and paragraph styles [Basic Paragraph] stylesCharacter style attributesNext StyleStyles panel overview /Open the Paragraph Styles panel/Open the Character Styles panelApply styles /Apply a character style/Apply a paragraph style/Apply sequential styles to multiple paragraphsOverride character and paragraph styles /Preserve or remove overrides when applying paragraph styles/Clear paragraph style overridesCreate nested styles /Create one or more nested styles/Loop through nested styles/Nested style character style optionsStyles A style is a collection of formatting that can be applied to items throughout a document. You can create styles for paragraphs, characters, objects, tables, and cells in a table. About character and paragraph styles A character style is a collection of character formatting attributes that can be applied to text in a single step. A paragraph style includes both character and paragraph formatting attributes, and can be applied to a paragraph or range of paragraphs. Paragraph styles and character styles are found on separate panels. When you change the formatting of a style, all text to which the style has been applied will be updated with the new format. [Basic Paragraph] styles By default, each new document contains a [Basic Paragraph] style that is applied to text you type. You can edit this style, but you can’t rename or delete it. You can rename and delete styles that you create. You can also select a different default style to apply to text. Character style attributes Unlike paragraph styles, character styles do not include all the formatting attributes of selected text. Instead, when you create a character style, InDesign makes only those attributes that are different from the formatting of the selected text part of the style. That way, you can create a character style that, when applied to text, changes only some attributes, such as the font family and size, ignoring all other character attributes. If you want other attributes to be part of the style, add them when editing the style. Next Style You can automatically apply styles as you type text. If, for example, your document’s design calls for the style “body text” to follow a heading style named “heading 1,” you can set the Next Style option for “heading 1” to “body text.” After you’ve typed a paragraph styled with “heading 1,” pressing Enter or Return starts a new paragraph styled with “body text.” If you use the context menu when applying a style to two or more paragraphs, you can cause the parent style to be applied to the first paragraph and the Next Style to be applied to the additional paragraphs. (See Apply styles.) To use the Next Style feature, choose a style from the Next Style menu when you’re creating or editing a style. For a video on using text styles, see www.adobe.com/go/vid0076.Styles panel overview Use the Character Styles panel to create, name, and apply character styles to text within a paragraph; use the Paragraph Styles panel to create, name, and apply paragraph styles to entire paragraphs. Styles are saved with a document and display in the panel each time you open that document. When you select text or position the insertion point, any style that has been applied to that text is highlighted in either of the Styles panels, unless the style is in a collapsed style group. If you select a range of text that contains multiple styles, no style is highlighted in the Styles panel. If you select a range of text to which multiple paragraph styles are applied, the Paragraph Styles panel displays “(Mixed).” Open the Paragraph Styles panel Choose Type > Paragraph Styles, or click the Paragraph Styles tab, which appears by default on the right side of the application window. Open the Character Styles panel Choose Type > Character Styles, or click the Character Styles tab on the right side of the application window. Define paragraph and character styles 1. If you want to base a new style on the formatting of existing text, select that text or place the insertion point in it. If a group is selected in the Styles panel, the new style will be part of that group. 2. Choose New Paragraph Style from the Paragraph Styles panel menu, or choose New Character Style from the Character Styles panel menu. 3. For Style Name, type a name for your new style. 4. For Based On, select which style the current style is based on. Note: The Based On option lets you link styles to each other, so that changes in one style ripple through the styles that are based on it. By default, new styles are based on [No Paragraph Style] or [None], or on the style of any currently selected text. 5. For Next Style (Paragraph Styles panel only), specify which style is applied after the current style when you press Enter or Return. 6. To add a keyboard shortcut, position the insertion point in the Shortcut box, and make sure Num Lock is turned on. Then hold down any combination of Shift, Alt, and Ctrl (Windows), or Shift, Option, and Command (Mac OS), and press a number on the numeric keypad. You cannot use letters or non-keypad numbers for defining style shortcuts. 7. If you want the new style to be applied to the selected text, select Apply Style To Selection. 8. To specify the formatting attributes, click a category (such as Basic Character Formats) on the left, and specify the attributes you want to add to your style. When specifying a Character Color in the Style Options dialog box, you can create a new color by double-clicking the fill or stroke box. 9. For character styles, attributes you do not specify are ignored; when the style is applied, text will retain the paragraph style formatting for that attribute. To remove an attribute setting from a character style: o From a setting’s menu, choose (Ignore). o In a text box, delete the option text. o In a check box, click until you see a small box (Windows) or a hyphen (-) (Mac OS). o For a character color, hold down Ctrl (Windows) or Command (Mac OS) and click the color swatch. 10. When you’ve finished specifying the formatting attributes, click OK. Styles you create appear only in the current document. If no document is open, the styles you create will appear in all new documents.Base one paragraph or character style on another Many document designs feature hierarchies of styles sharing certain attributes. The headings and subheads, for example, often use the same font. You can easily create


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