New version page


Upgrade to remove ads

This preview shows page 1 out of 2 pages.

View Full Document
Premium Document
Do you want full access? Go Premium and unlock all 2 pages.
Access to all documents
Download any document
Ad free experience

Upgrade to remove ads
Unformatted text preview:

3. MONESES Salisbury ex S. F. Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 403. 1821.1. Moneses uniflora (Linnaeus) A. Gray, Man. Bot. 273. 1848.Flora of China 14: 247. 2005. 3. MONESES Salisbury ex S. F. Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 403. 1821. 独丽花属 du li hua shu Qin Haining (覃海宁); Peter F. Stevens Bryophthalmum E. Meyer; Odostima Rafinesque. Herbs perennial, small, glabrous, stoloniferous. Leaves radical, petiolate, leathery, serrulate. Flower solitary, terminal on long stalk. Sepals 5, deeply lobed, persistent. Petals spreading, white or pink, orbicular. Stamens (8–)10; filaments subulate, base gla-brous; anthers with tubes, opening by 2 apical pores; disk obscure. Ovary globose or subglobose; ovules on thickened placentas on inner angles of loculi; style straight, apex clavate; stigma 5-toothed. Seeds small, testa elongated at both ends. n = 13. One or two species: Asia, Europe, North America; one species in China. 1. Moneses uniflora (Linnaeus) A. Gray, Man. Bot. 273. 1848. 独丽花 du li hua Pyrola uniflora Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 397. 1753; Bryo-phthalmum uniflorum (Linnaeus) E. Meyer; Chimaphila rhombifolia Hayata; Moneses grandiflora Salisbury; M. rhombifolia (Hayata) Andres. Herbs evergreen. Rhizome creeping, slender, 0.2–0.6 mm in diam.; roots long, slender, branched. Aerial stems erect or ascending, terete to angular, 1–5 cm, 0.6–1 mm in diam., not branched, glabrous. Leaves in 3 or 4 subverticils of 2 or 3 each, alternating with ca. 5 scales; petiole (0.5–)1–1.5 cm; leaf blade abaxially pale green, adaxially deep green and slightly shiny, broadly rhombic, 1–1.6 × 1–1.5 cm, abax-ially glabrous, base subrounded to broadly cuneate, margin minutely toothed, apex rounded to obtuse. Flower nodding, regular, opening fully. Scape erect, (4–)5–10 cm tall, 1-flow-ered, glabrous. Bracts 1 or 2 on upper part of scape, 4–5 × ca. 2 mm, ciliolate. Sepals (4 or)5, ovate-elliptic, ca. 2.5 mm, ciliolate, apex rounded. Petals (4 or)5, white, orbicular to broadly ovate, sessile. Stamens (8–)10; anthers 3–4 mm, tubes distinct and strongly curved. Ovary subglobose; style 4–5 mm; stigma peltate with 5 distinct marginal papillae. Capsules subglobose, 5–6 mm in diam., fibers absent at margin. Seeds narrowly fusiform; testa generally with 7 or 8 cells along longest axis, inner testa walls with scalariform pits. Fl. Jul, fr. Sep. 2n = 26. Moist mossy coniferous forests, more rarely in wet Betula or Pinus woods; middle elevations. Gansu, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Shanxi, N Sichuan, Taiwan, Xinjiang, NW Yunnan [Japan, N Korea, Mon-golia, Russia; widely distributed in N temperate and subarctic zones, particularly Europe].Flora of China 14: 247.

Download Moneses
Our administrator received your request to download this document. We will send you the file to your email shortly.
Loading Unlocking...

Join to view Moneses and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

We will never post anything without your permission.
Don't have an account?
Sign Up

Join to view Moneses 2 2 and access 3M+ class-specific study document.


By creating an account you agree to our Privacy Policy and Terms Of Use

Already a member?