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HADLEY HST 131 - HST 131 Overview

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ObjectivesTerms to Know Reading Directions1. The Republicans ReturnIke and AdlaiThe election of 1952Dwight David EisenhowerAchieving peace in KoreaA new foreign policyWar in Indochina“Pactomania”The European Defense CommunityUndercover operationsMeeting at the summitSection 1 Review Reading Directions2. Everybody’s New DealReducing government activitiesPublic vs. private powerThe farm problemThe Republicans become more moderateThe search for CommunistsThe fall of McCarthyThe election of 1956Section 2 Review Reading Directions3. The Fight for EqualityThe Supreme Court rules for equalityThe South resistsThe government intervenesMartin Luther King and Mrs. Rosa ParksThe nonviolent wayCivil rights lawsSection 3 Review Reading Directions4. Difficulties AbroadA difficult yearDeveloping missilesThe V-2 rocketThe race for rocketsThe United States reacts to SputnikProblems in the Middle EastMore crisesRelaxing the cold warCollapse of the conferenceTroubles in Latin AmericaEisenhower steps downSection 4 ReviewAssignment 2OverviewThis course looks at the United States’ development in the postwar years. It describes the era of “cold war,” as well as discusses social change and new government policies. It also examines science, technology, and society. Reviewing the critical events of the post-world war years will enable you to recognize the forces that shaped the current United States of America.The information needed to achieve this goal is presented in the textbook A History of the United States. The original textbook has been repurposed for this course; that is, it has been redesigned to meet your learning needs as a distance education student. For instance, the repurposed textbook directly integrates directions and other course components into the text. It introduces the material presented in the textbook, and it identifiesthe learning objectives for each lesson. For your convenience, it includes glossary terms at the beginning of each lesson. You will find these glossary terms in the section titled “Terms to Know.” The repurposed textbook also includes thereview questions and assignments that enable you and your instructor to evaluate your progress throughout the course. In addition, it describes some material presented visually in the original textbook. The textbook is extremely long. Therefore, it has been divided into the following courses:U.S. History: Discovery to Jacksonian EraU.S. History: The 19th CenturyU.S. History: World WarsU.S. History: Post-World War YearsEach course is divided into modules. The three modules in this course are based on Units 10–12 of the textbook. These modules are further divided into lessons, which are based on the textbook chapters.As previously stated, the goal of this course is to review how the critical events of the post-world waryears helped shape the current United States of America. Module 1 examines the years 1945–1960 when the United States dealt with the political changes that followed the war. It discusses the tensions that arose on the world stage. It focuseson the socio-economic changes that took place during this period.Module 2 explains the upheaval that marked the period 1961–1974. It examines the optimism and promise of the Kennedy era, and discusses the events that occurred under the Presidency of Lyndon B. Johnson. It also summarizes the rise and fall of Richard Nixon.Module 3 discusses the American people, older andwiser, as they emerge from these turbulent decades and start looking ahead. It examines the pursuit of civil rights for all people in the United States. It discusses the Presidencies of Gerald Ford,Jimmy Carter, Ronald Reagan, and Bill Clinton. No prerequisites are necessary before starting any course in the series. Although you’re advised to take the courses in sequence, it is not necessary tocomplete them all. For instance, if you’re interestedin the discovery of America, the first course would be a logical place to start. If, however, you would like to learn more about the postwar years, this course is more appropriate. You decide which courses can best meet your needs.To complete this course you will need the materialsthat The Hadley School for the Blind has provided and writing materials in the medium of your choice.If you are taking the audiocassette version of this course, you will also need your own tape recorder.The review questions that follow each section are for your personal development only. Do not mail your answers to your Hadley instructor. Rather, check your comprehension by comparing your answers with those provided. Note that answers to some review questions occasionally provide more information than you will find in the textbook.You are required to submit the assignment that concludes each lesson. Remember to wait for your instructor’s feedback before submitting your next assignment. If you mail your assignments, send them as Free Matter for the Blind provided they arein braille or large print (14 point or larger), or on cassette or computer disk. Mailing labels are enclosed for your convenience. The enclosed contact information card indicates your instructor’sfax number and email address in case you prefer tosend your assignments electronically.Now, if you’re ready to explore the events that tookplace during the postwar years, begin Module 1: Postwar Problems 1945–1960.Lesson 2: Eisenhower,Moderate RepublicanThe end of the Truman years found the United States locked in a hot war in Asia and a cold war in the rest of the world. The declared American purpose was to “contain” international communism. “Containing” meant to box in communism where it already was and keep it from expanding. Fear of Communists within the United States was running rampant, fanned most of all by Senator Joseph R. McCarthy.In fact, the threats at home and abroad were nowhere near as serious as many Americans feared. Communism was not a single, solid force. Itwas found in many nations, and everywhere was the declared enemy of the democracies. But each country had its own history. People had their patriotism as well as their communism. Where the Soviets ruled nations from the outside, they had trouble keeping their forced allies under control.The secretive, insecure Soviets were at least as afraid of the United States as Americans were ofthem. Communists were taught that in the long run, out of war and confusion, the capitalist democracies were sure to lose. But they were


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