New version page

SJSU SOCI 158 - Sentencing Trends and Incarceration

Documents in this Course
Load more
Upgrade to remove ads
Upgrade to remove ads
Unformatted text preview:

Slide 1Chapter 3Introduction (1 of 2)Introduction (2 of 2)Prison InmatesSentencing ReformsThe Supreme Court and the Sentencing ProcessChronic Offender LegislationDrug Offenders and Prison OvercrowdingResponding to OvercrowdingTexas and California: Leaders in IncarcerationFront End Strategies to Fight OvercrowdingBack End Strategies to Fight OvercrowdingFuture DirectionsSocial Costs of Prison ExpansionConclusionsChapter 3Sentencing Trends and IncarcerationIntroduction (1 of 2)There are about 2 million incarcerated in prisons and jailsRate of growth slowing downIncarceration rate displays by per 100,000 Advantages: allows comparisons over time and between jurisdictionsIntroduction (2 of 2)National average (2003) 482 per 100,000Some states have higher than averageLouisiana, Mississippi, TexasGo toFederal system has almost doubled in past decadePrison InmatesWomen and minorities have been differentially affected. Rates are different by race and sex White women: 38 per 100,000 Black women: 185 per 100,000From 1995–2003 Male inmates increased 29% Female inmates increased by 48%Sentencing ReformsSentencing structures Indeterminate Partially indeterminate Determinate presumptiveThe Supreme Court and the Sentencing ProcessSentencing guidelines – federal & stateU.S. v. Booker & U.S. v. Fan Fan Raises doubts about legalityChronic Offender LegislationThree strikes law – in California and elsewhereFound constitutional by Supreme Court and voters rejected changes to itDrug Offenders and Prison OvercrowdingMajority of those sentenced are drug users who commit property crimes.Crimes and recidivist property offendersDrug crimes 31% of all state prison sentences45% of all federal sentencesRacial differences in sentencing Drug sentencing affects women Greater % of women sentenced for drug crimesResponding to Overcrowding22 states and federal system operating over capacityOvercrowding as a cause of stress?Strategies to Fight OvercrowdingConstruction, increasing existing facilities, double bunking, increased use of local jails, community based correctional servicesCourts may require states to reduce capacity2001 – prison expenditures was $29.5 billionContracting with private providersTexas and California: Leaders in IncarcerationTexas – 166,911 California – 164,487 25% of all U.S. prisoners in these 2 statesPrisons cost each resident of the U.S. $104 per yearFront End Strategies to Fight OvercrowdingIncreased use of probation; intermediate sanctionsDrug courtsMinnesota is a leaderProblem of net-wideningBack End Strategies to Fight OvercrowdingEarly release; paroleTexas and California combined have about 1 million on parole and probationNCCD’s research shows early release does not endanger the publicFuture DirectionsThree strikes Research shows how expensive these laws areDo the deter crime? Research is mixed but most show no effectOther criticism is that use of three-strikes varies by countySocial Costs of Prison ExpansionF“Opportunity costs” Money spent on prison is not spent on education, health care, etc.More African American men in prison than college?ConclusionsResearch doesn’t show connection between three strikes and greater reduction of crime. Public opinion polls show Americans may be softening in their desire for long prison

View Full Document
Download Sentencing Trends and Incarceration
Our administrator received your request to download this document. We will send you the file to your email shortly.
Loading Unlocking...

Join to view Sentencing Trends and Incarceration and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

We will never post anything without your permission.
Don't have an account?
Sign Up

Join to view Sentencing Trends and Incarceration 2 2 and access 3M+ class-specific study document.


By creating an account you agree to our Privacy Policy and Terms Of Use

Already a member?