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Medical Terminology

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Medical TerminologyNoct/i, Nyct/o = NightSlide 3Slide 4Ambul = WalkAnkyl/o = Immovable, FixedSlide 7-ia = (Noun), ConditionSlide 9-stasis = Stopping, ControllingSlide 11Schizo-, Schisto-, -schisis = Split, Cleft, FissureSlide 13Slide 14Cleft lip repairCarp/o = WristMeta- = BeyondPhalang/o = PhalangesAcromi/o = AcromionHumer/o = HumerusFracture typesFracture Reduction and FixationPowerPoint PresentationRadi/o = Radius, Uln/o = UlnaCondyl/o = CondyleFemor/o = FemurTibi/o, Fibul/oCalcane/o = CalcaneusThe PelvisIschi/o = Ischiumili/o = iliumPub/o = PubisStern/o = SternumXiph/o = XiphoidGangli/o = GanglionRachi/o, Spondyl/o = Spine, BackboneRachi/o = Spine, BackboneSpineCervic/o = Cervix, NeckSlide 40Slide 41Brachi/o = ArmSlide 43Practice…Provide the adjectival forms for:Lamin/o = LaminaSlide 47AbbreviationSlide 49Your doctor’s appointment…Medical TerminologyUnit 14Word Parts for Night, Sleep, and Split, Skeletal System, and OrthopedicsNoct/i, Nyct/o = NightNoct/i/luca: Microscopic marine animals that make the ocean glow during the nightNoct/urne: Dreamy music, night musicIn Greek mythology:–The sons of Nox (Night) were:•Somnus (Sleep)•Thanatos (Death)Noct/i, Nyct/o = NightNyx = NightNyct/algia: Pain during the nightNyct/albumin/uria: Presence of albumin in the urine only during the nightNyct/al/opia: Night blindness, Night blind vision, Difficulty in seeing at night–May be caused from lack of vitamin A in diet, retinal fatigue from exposure to very bright light, or retinitis pigmentosa.–Al comes from Alaos = blindNoct/i, Nyct/o = NightAbnormal fear of nightUnusual attraction to the nightExcessive urination during the nightNyct/o/phobiaNoct/i/phobiaNyct/o/philiaNoct/i/philiaNyct/uriaNoct/uriaAmbul = WalkAmbulare = WalkAmbul/atory: Able to walkAmbul/ance: A vehicle for transporting the sick (who can’t walk)Noct/ambul/ism: Walking at night, Sleep walkingSomn/ambul/ism: Sleep walkingAnkyl/o = Immovable, FixedAnkylosed: StiffenedAnkyl/o/blephar/on: Adhesions resulting in immovable eyelidsAnkyl/osis: Immobility–Ankylosing spondylitis: condition of immobility of spineAnkyl/o/stoma: Lockjaw (stiff mouth)Ankyl/o = Immovable, FixedAdhesions of lips (immovable lips)Closure of the anus and rectumAbnormal fear of ankylosisTongue tied (stiff tongue)Adhesions of fingers or toes (immovable fingers)Ankyl/o/cheiliaAnkyl/o/proctiaAnkyl/o/phobiaAnkyl/o/glossiaAnkyl/o/dactylia-ia = (Noun), ConditionAden/o (gland)Cardi/o (heart)Cheil/o (lips)Dactyl/o (digits)Dent/o (teeth)Derm/o (skin)Gastr/o (stomach)Gloss/o (tongue)Aden/iaCardi/aCheil/iaDactyl/iaDent/iaDerm/a, Derm/iaGastr/iaGloss/ia-ia = (Noun), ConditionOnych/o (nails)Ophthalm/o (eyes)Ot/o (ears)Phag/o (eat)Pneumon/o (lung)Proct/o (anus+rectum)Urethr/o (urethra)Onych/iaOphthalm/iaOt/iaPhag/iaPneumon/iaProct/iaUrethr/a-stasis = Stopping, ControllingViscer/o/stasis: Control an organ or what that organ producesFung/i/stasis: Condition in which the growth of fungi is stopped or controlledChol/e/stasis: Control or stopping of bile flowEnter/o/stasis: Controlling the small intestinePy/o/stasis: Stopping the formation of pus-stasis = Stopping, ControllingControlling The flow of bloodFlow in the veinsFlow in the arteriesHem/o/stasisPhleb/o/stasisVen/o/stasisArteri/o/stasisSchizo-, Schisto-, -schisis = Split, Cleft, FissureSchizo/phas/ia, Split speech (incomprehensible)Schizon/onych/ia: Split nails (onych/o) conditionSchizo/phren/ia: Split mind. A group of severe mental disorders in which thinking, emotions, and behavior are disturbed.Paranoid schizophrenia: A person with delusions of persecution, jealousy and hallucinationsSchizo-, Schisto-, -schisis = Split, Cleft, FissureSchisto/gloss/ia: Split tongueSchist/o/cyte: Split cell (cell with a fissure)Schist/o/thorax: Split chest (fissure)Schisto/som/iasis is a parasitic disease caused by schistosoma. It may colonize the urinary tract, mesenteries, liver, spleen, or biliary tree, causing symptoms from these organs.Contamination occurs by wading or bathing in water contaminated by immature forms.Schizo-, Schisto-, -schisis = Split, Cleft, FissurePalat/o/schisis: Cleft palate–Palat/oUran/o/schisis: Cleft palate–Uran/oRach/i/schisis: Split spine–Rach/i–Spina bifida is synonymous with rachischisisCleft lip repairCarp/o = WristCarpos = wristCarpus (singular), Carpi (plural)Carp/al (adj.): Pertaining to wrist–Carpal tunnel syndrome: Pain or numbness that affects a part of hand and fingers due to compression of a nerve at a wrist. Occupational hazard to people who use a lot of keyboards.Carp/o/meta/carp/al: Pertaining to the wrist and metacarpalsCarp/ectomy: Excision of all or part of the wristMeta- = BeyondMeta/carp/als: Bones located beyond the carpalsMeta/tars/als: Bones located beyond the tarsalsTars/o = Ankle, tarsal bonesPhalang/o = PhalangesPhalang/es: Bones of the fingers and/or toesPhalanx (singular)Phalang/itis: Inflammation of phalangesPhalang/ectomy: Excision of a phalanxAcromi/o = AcromionAcromion is a projection of the scapulaAcromi/al: Pertaining to the acromionAcromi/o/humer/al: Pertaining to the acromion and humerusAcromi/o/clavicul/ar: Pertaining to the acromion and the clavicleHumer/o = HumerusBones of the upper armHumer/al: Pertaining to the bone of upper armHumer/o/radi/al: Pertaining to humerus and radius bonesHumer/o/scapul/ar: Pertaining to humerus and scapula bonesHumer/o/ulnar: Pertaining to humerus and ulna bonesFracture typesGreenstick (incomplete= not through the width of the bone)Complete (through the width of the bone)Closed, Simple (no break in skin)Open, Compound (has break in skin)Transverse (across)Oblique (diagonal)Displaced (misaligned)Non-displaced (aligned)Linear (parallel to the bone)Comminuted (in multiple pieces)Pathologic (diseased area that weakens the bone)Fracture Reduction and FixationClosed manipulation: Movement of body part to cause bone ends to align without surgeryInternal fixation: Screws or nails in bone under the skin (ORIF = Open reduction internal fixation)External fixation (OREF = Open reduction external fixation)Radi/o = Radius, Uln/o =


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