New version page

CSUB ANTH 350 - COMPARISON OF INDIAN COMMUNITIES IN MEXICO

Upgrade to remove ads
Upgrade to remove ads
Unformatted text preview:

COMPARISON OF INDIAN COMMUNITIES IN MEXICOAnthropology 350Dr. Jane GranskogCharacteristic Sto. Tomas IxtepejiFeatures (Zapotec) (Zapotec) Population & Increasing population Decreasing pop. due to out-Ecosystem somewhat expansive w/ migration (1,237 in 70's)excess population restrictive ecosystem - poormigrating out (1,359 in quality & insufficient land;'72, '84 about 2,500); nucleated communitynucleated community Primary Organi- Patrilocal extended & Nuclear family (patrilocalzational Unit nuclear families; extend. preferred - first year) Larger, Organi- Effective corporate Civil & religious cargos -zational Units community organization; civil-religious hierarchy;emphasis on political corporate community offices; C-R hierarchy; organization; endogamous endogamous (5 barrios) Nature of Bonds Horizontal, M-S, dyadic Horizontal M-S dyadic tiesFormed and polyadic (corp. comm. (primarily) & polyadic ties -& compadrazgo); vertical compadrazgo & corp. comm.;S-S dyadic ties w/ mestizos vertical S-S ties w/ mestizos in in market place market; individualism emphasized Relation to Defensive but permissive Very hostile to all outsiders -Outside - Type of re: contact - change defensive & negative, disruptiveSocio-historical controlled by corp. comm. relations; fairly extensiveRelationship and organization; competitive & contact thru market networksExtensiveness of hostile re: other corporate (trading) in particularContact communities; fairly extensive at present Areas of Corporate community org., Fatalistic, defensive attitudesStability emphasis on egalitarianism, towd. all, factionalism, stronginstitutionalized envy, econ. individualism; restrictiveleveling mechanisms ecosystem limiting change Sources/Areas of Effect of migrants, Out-migration, work of I.N.I.Change continuous out-migration, schools; network market; fairlynetwork market, school, accessible to urban areasgovt. aid programs, access to urban areasCOMPARISON OF INDIAN PEASANT COMMUNITIES - 2 -COMPARISON OF INDIAN PEASANT COMMUNITIES - 3 -Characteristic Inapuchi TzintzuntzanFeatures (Tarahumara) (Tarascan) Population and Relatively stable pop., Increasing population (1,877,Ecosystem dispersed rancherias; 1960; 2600, 1980); restrictive eco-ecosystem somewhat system (poor lands); nucleatedrestrictive due to encroach- communityment of mestizos Primary Organiza- Nuclear family, some- Nuclear & "joint" patrilocaltional Unit times bilaterally extended extended family(seasonally variable) Larger Organiza- Rancho groups, tesguinada Previously a corporate comm.tional Units networks; pueblo with C-R. hierarchy; predom.mestizo now; barrio distinctions& mayordomia system no longer as important; secularization of fiestas Nature of the Horizontal, many-strded, Horizontal & vertical M-S,Bonds Formed primarily dyadic ties dyadic contract; vertical,expressed thru tesguino single-stranded dyadic ties w/networks; vertical, S-S mestizo outsidersdyadic ties w/ mestizos Relation to Outside Hostile - defensive & Defensive & somewhat hostileand Extensiveness negative, expressed increasing contact thruof Contact passively, withdrawn; CREFAL programs, transporta-very isolated (150 yrs), tion, school, participationlittle contact--sporatic; in bracero program, migrantsincreasing contact thru to Mexico City & U.S.; tourismtransportatn sys. & I.N.I; surrounding fiestasencroachment by mestizos Areas of Stability Continued isolation, Foster--image of limitedimportance of tesguinada good; values & personalitycomplex; flexible social type; institutional. envy;organization leveling mechanisms; emphasison egalitarianism despite status differences; focus of fiesta cycle (trad. values) Areas of Change Network market - increasing Network market, work ofnumber of mestizos, work CREFAL, bracero program,of I.N.I., transportation emergence of entrepreneursCOMPARISON OF INDIAN PEASANT COMMUNITIES - 4 -system;COMPARISON OF INDIAN PEASANT COMMUNITIES - 5 -Characteristic Zinacantan Amantenango/Tzo'ontahalFeatures (Tzotzil Maya) (Tzeltal Maya) Population and Restrictive ecosystem in Gradual inc. pop (1,832 inEcosystem highlands, more expansive in center, 3,134 total--1960)lowlands; increasing pop. out-migration to new ejidodispersed (ceremonial lands in lowlands; major inc.center - vacant town) for highlands w/ Guatemala refugees early '80's Primary Organiza- Domestic group - "nuclear" Nuclear family predominanttional Unit & patrilocal "extended" w/ bilaterally extendedfamily predominant family (yermanotak) increasing vs patrilineal ext. families Larger Organiza- "sna" - localized lineage, impt. networks includetional Units waterhole grp (2-13 snas), kumparetak & bersinatak;hamlets (endogamous), corp. upper & lower barrios; community (w/ respect to center vs hamlets, emphasiscargo system) on corp. community, C-R hierarchy-- emphasis on civil(ejido community); coops -- store & trucking especially Nature of Bonds Manystrded, horizontal M-S, horizontal, polyadic &Formed polyadic & dyadic ties; vert., dyadic ties; S-S verticalM-S, polyadic ties w/in ties w/ ladinos generallydescent grps to some extent;vert. dyadic, S-S ties w/ ladinos Relation to Outside Hostile, defensive, increased Hostile -- corp. comm. and Extensiveness contact thru transportation defensive; Pan-Am Hwy +of Contact system, schools, market; inc. ejido lands., I.N.Ihistoric contact not exten- based coops etc. havesive but exploitive increased some cooperation problems re: Guat. refugees Areas of Stability Reliance on ancestors, use Institutionalized envy - witch-of witchcraft, leveling craft accusatns ag. entreprenrs;mechanisms - civil-religious continued use of ancestors as hierarchy


View Full Document
Download COMPARISON OF INDIAN COMMUNITIES IN MEXICO
Our administrator received your request to download this document. We will send you the file to your email shortly.
Loading Unlocking...
Login

Join to view COMPARISON OF INDIAN COMMUNITIES IN MEXICO and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or
We will never post anything without your permission.
Don't have an account?
Sign Up

Join to view COMPARISON OF INDIAN COMMUNITIES IN MEXICO 2 2 and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or

By creating an account you agree to our Privacy Policy and Terms Of Use

Already a member?