History, Research Methods, and Experiments

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History, Research Methods, and Experiments

This focuses on a brief history of psychology (continued), research methods and designs, and experimental issues.

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Lecture Note
University Of Connecticut
Psyc 1103 - General Psychology II (Enhanced)

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PSYC 1103 1st Edition Lecture 3 Outline of Last Lecture: I. Is psychology a science? i. Active dreaming example II. Psychology: A Definition III. Psychology: Subfields IV. Case Studies V. Brief History of Psychology i. Additive Decomposition Outline of Current Lecture: VI. Brief History of Psychology (continued) VII. Research Methods VIII. Research Designs IX. Experiment: Facial Feedback X. Experimental Issues XI. Correlational Study: TV and Mortality Current Lecture: I. Brief History of Psychology (continued) Sigmund Freud (continued)  Humans and animals want immediate gratification; however as humans our social structures and way of life make it more delayed gratification (ex: we must wait in lines for things)  The Iceberg of Personality example o Bottom of Iceberg = Id. This is the driving force behind personality; always after wants o Middle of iceberg = Superego. This is antithesis to the id. It is an internalization of moral societal standards. o Top of iceberg = ego. The part of you that feels most like you. It’s above consciousness; you’re aware if this. William James (late 1800s)  Contemporary of Darwin (both influenced each other)  Powerful thinker; debunked others’ bad ideas  Functionalism o Not structure; care more about the function of the mind o How do mental processes help us adapt? (ex: remembering people, food, etc.) Behaviorism

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