EIU EDF 4450 - 3758 (12 pages)

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Lecture Notes


Pages:
12
School:
Eastern Illinois University
Course:
Edf 4450 - Philosophy and History of Education
Philosophy and History of Education Documents

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ARISTOTLE A POWER POINT IN SUPPORT OF A LECTURE FOR EDF 4450 BY G D ALBEAR M A GENERATED FROM S MARC COHEN S INTRODUCTION TO ARISTOTLE FOUND AT http faculty washington edu smcohen 433 arintro htm ARISTOTLE Aristotle was born of a well to do family in the Macedonian town of Stagira in 384 B C His father Nicomachus was a physician who died when Aristotle was young In 367 when Aristotle was seventeen his uncle Proxenus sent him to Athens to study at Plato s Academy There he remained first as a pupil later as an associate for the next twenty years 1 ARISTOTLE When Plato died in 347 the Academy came under the control of his nephew Speusippus who favored mathematical aspects of Platonism that Aristotle who was more interested in biology found uncongenial Perhaps for this reason but more likely because of growing anti Macedonian sentiment in Athens Aristotle decided to leave ARISTOTLE He accepted the invitation of Hermeias his friend and a former fellow student in the Academy to join his philosophical circle on the coast of Asia Minor in Assos where Hermeias a former slave had become ruler Aristotle remained there for three years During this period he married Hermeias s niece Pythias with whom he had a daughter also named Pythias 2 ARISTOTLE In 345 Aristotle moved to Mytilene on the nearby island of Lesbos where he joined another former Academic Theophrastus who was a native of the island Theophrastus at first Aristotle s pupil and then his closest colleague remained associated with him until Aristotle s death While they were on Lesbos the biological research of Aristotle and Theophrastus flourished ARISTOTLE In 343 Philip of Macedon invited Aristotle to his court to serve as tutor to his son Alexander then thirteen years old What instruction Aristotle gave to the young man who was to become Alexander the Great is not known but it seems likely that Aristotle s own interest in politics increased during his stay at the Macedonian court In 340 Alexander was appointed regent



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