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The Crusa des 1096 1291 QuickTime and a TIFF Uncompressed decompressor are needed to see this picture Jerusalem is a very holy city for Jews Christians and Muslims QuickTime and a TIFF Uncompressed decompressor are needed to see this picture Christ s Empty Tomb Dome of the Rock Wailing Wall QuickTime and a TIFF Uncompressed decompressor are needed to see this picture QuickTime and a TIFF Uncompressed decompressor are needed to see this picture Jerusalem and Palestine came under Muslim rule in the 7 th century but Muslims Jews and Christians lived together relatively peacefully All faiths made pilgrimages there 11th century the Seljuk Turks a rising Muslim power had gained control of Palestine The Seljuk Turks came from Central Asia Had taken over Baghdad from the Abbasids in 1055 Travel for pilgrimages to Holy Land was reportedly growing unsafe Byzantine emperor in Constantinople was worried that they would expand into Constantinople In 1095 the emperor asked Pope Urban for help Pope Urban called a council and called for a crusade to drive Muslims back and reclaim Jerusalem Jerusalem is now held captive by the enemies of Christ and is subjected by those who do not know God to the worship of the heathen unconverted She seeks to be liberated and implores you to come to her aid On whom therefore rests the labor of avenging these wrongs and of recovering this territory if not upon you Pope Urban 1095 listeners reportedly responded God wills it God wills it Pope Urban had goals of reuniting Eastern and Western Christians under his rule helping the Byzantines could possibly help him Reasons to go on a crusades Entry to Heaven for all who joined the fight Merchants might earn money in trade Nobles might gain estates in the new kingdoms established in the Holy Land First Crusade 1096 1099 30 000 45 000 crusaders Only about 4 000 true knights the rest were foot soldiers cooks archers women and priests They fought their way through modern day Turkey and finally captured



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