NAU HUM 362 - Study Notes (7 pages)

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Study Notes



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Study Notes

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Lecture Notes


Pages:
7
School:
Northern Arizona University
Course:
Hum 362 - Perspectives on Asian Humanities

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Kushan Mathura Slide 1 0842Gallery IMG0073 Title Herakles and the Nemean Lion Indian Museum Calcutta Further testifying to the fact that Mathura did indeed draw influence from the Hellenistic world is found in this sculpture of Hercules and the Nemean lion While it may be difficult to make out Hercules is shown struggling with a lion An attribute of Hercules in Greco Roman art is his cape of a lion s skin This too is depicted on the sculpture Even though there has been some question as to whether or not the figure represented is truly Hercules it is not necessary to confine the discussion of the work to this iconographic problem in order to recognize its classical heritage or its distinctively Indian translation of forms The proportions of the man s body are decidedly Indian in character note the relation between the trunk and the legs for instance and the subtle modeling of both man and beast are indicative of Mathuran sensitivity as well This is however one of the few nude male sculptures in Indian art and for this period it is an extremely rare subject The intricate juxtaposition of the two figures in space in high relief sculpture is indicative of Kushan art at Mathura Slide 2 0842Gallery IMG0074 Title Bodhisattva Shakyamuni dedicated by Friar Bala Archaeological Museum Sarnath According to the inscription on the base of the Bodhisattva of Friar Bala the image was a gift of that friar and was executed just before or just after 100 A D The inscription states that the figure is a Bodhisattave but for all artistic and stylistic purposes it is a Buddha image one of the first to depart from strictly aniconic symbolism and to render the master in a human form The figure originally stood before a tall column which supported both the image and a large parasol over it curved with the signs of the zodiac At the foot of the statue is a lion representing the image of the Buddha as a lion among men and referring to his royal origin There is still a very geometric character



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