Purdue IIE 269 - Lecture 22 (5 pages)

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Lecture 22



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Lecture 22

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Lecture Notes


Pages:
5
School:
Purdue University
Course:
Iie 269 -

Unformatted text preview:

Prof Greg Francis 5 27 08 Memory Improving memory IIE 269 Cognitive Psychology We seem to be unable to control our memories learn things we don t want to remember Greg Francis unable to learn things we want to remember Lecture 22 Is there any reliable cue that something will be remembered no How to improve your memory without spending 80 but there are several tricks you can use to improve memory in certain situations Study style Study style Generally more study leads to better memory to remember something in many contexts study in many contexts Style of study matters too dorm room bus library distributed practice is better than massed practice 1 hour avoid cramming true for many skills 3 hours Consider encoding specificity to remember something in single context study in same context classroom 1 hour 1 hour Level of processing Rehearsal is not as important as the depth of processing Subjects observe words with associated tasks question In capital letters Rhyme with thing Synonym for heavy Recall is better as depth of processing increases Craik Tulving 1975 YES NO BOOK book spring sprint bulky brown Number of words recalled Level of processing 25 20 15 10 5 0 Capital Rhyme Synonym Study task 1 Prof Greg Francis 5 27 08 Intention Intention Level of processing is more important than intent to learn Shallow task was to look at letters in the word Deep task was to rate the pleasantness of the word Control group could do anything they wanted to Five groups of subjects Perform a shallow study task a Intentional learning told they will be tested to recall the words b Incidental learning not told they will be tested memorize the words they knew they would be tested Perform a deep study task a Intentional learning told they will be tested to recall the words b Incidental learning not told they will be tested RABBIT Control told they will be tested to recall the words not given any study task Does word have an E or a G in it Rate the pleasantness of the word Recall improves



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