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Culture The values beliefs behavior and material objects that together form a people s way of life Sociology 12th Edition by John Macionis Copyright 2008 Prentice Hall a division of Pearson Education All rights reserved Terminology Nonmaterial culture The intangible world of ideas created by members of a society Material culture The tangible things created by members of a society Sociology 12th Edition by John Macionis Copyright 2008 Prentice Hall a division of Pearson Education All rights reserved Terminology Culture shock Disorientation due to the inability to make sense out of one s surroundings Domestic and foreign travel Ethnocentrism A biased cultural yardstick Cultural relativism More accurate understanding Sociology 12th Edition by John Macionis Copyright 2008 Prentice Hall a division of Pearson Education All rights reserved Symbols Anything that carries a particular meaning recognized by people who share a culture Societies create new symbols all the time Reality for humans is found in the meaning things carry with them The basis of culture makes life possible Sociology 12th Edition by John Macionis Copyright 2008 Prentice Hall a division of Pearson Education All rights reserved Symbols People must be mindful that meanings vary from culture to culture Meanings can even vary greatly within the same groups of people Fur coats Confederate flags etc Sociology 12th Edition by John Macionis Copyright 2008 Prentice Hall a division of Pearson Education All rights reserved Language A system of symbols that allows people to communicate with one another Cultural transmission The process by which one generation passes culture to the next Sapir Whorf thesis People perceive the world through the cultural lens of language Sociology 12th Edition by John Macionis Copyright 2008 Prentice Hall a division of Pearson Education All rights reserved Values and Beliefs Values Culturally defined standards of desirability goodness and beauty which serve as broad guidelines for social



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