UIUC PSYC 238 - Midterm Review (6 pages)

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Midterm Review



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1 Important concepts Psych 238 review for midterm exam Chapter 1 The Examples of Definitions of Abnormal Behavior Ways of defining abnormal behavior personal distress statistical deviance social non conformity General DSM IV criteria inclusion and exclusion criteria distress impairment risk of harm Role of culture in the diagnosis of disorders Etic Perspective emphasis on universals among human being from a position outside the culture Emic Perspective examines behavior within a culture Epidemiology the scientific study of the frequency of disorders within a population Incidence the number of new cases of a disorder that appear in a population during a specific period of time Prevalence an epidemiological term that refers to the total number of cases that are present within a given population during a particular period of time Lifetime Prevalence lifetime diagnoses Comorbidity the simultaneous manifestation of more than one disorder Chapter 2 Causes of Abnormal Behavior Paradigm a set of assumptions both about the substance of a theory and about how scientists should collect data and test theoretical propositions The term was applied to the progress of science by Thomas Kuhn an influential historian and philosopher 1 Biological Paradigm looks for the biological abnormalities that causes abnormalities in behavior 2 Psychodynamic Paradigm divides the mind into three parts Id present at birth and houses biological drives like hunger sex aggression pleasure principle immediate ego operates on the reality principle conscious awareness superego conscience efforts to govern the id s impulse with the ego mediating between the two 3 Cognitive Behavioral Paradigm views abnormal behavior as a product of learning Classical conditioning learning through association Operant conditioning asserts that behavior is a function of its consequences increase if its reward decreases is punished 4 Humanistic Paradigm product of free will Positive view of human nature Behavior genetics



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