UIUC PSYC 100 - PSYCHOLOGY FINAL REVIEW-1 (15 pages)

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PSYCHOLOGY FINAL REVIEW-1



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PSYCHOLOGY FINAL REVIEW-1

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Pages:
15
School:
University of Illinois at Urbana, Champaign
Course:
Psyc 100 - Intro Psych

Unformatted text preview:

Chapter 10 Development o The study of how behavior changes over the life span o Motor Development Reflexes set of automatic motor behaviors that infants are born with grasping sucking stepping rooting Motor behaviors most children acquire motor milestones in same order large variability in when and how this happens influenced by physical maturation as well as culture and parenting Adolescence transitional period hormonal development at physical peak in early 20s declines shortly there after Shift from seeing knowledge as absolute to seeing it as relative Fluid intelligence decreases later in life o Cognitive Development Numerous explanations of how we acquire the ability to learn think communicate and remember Differ in 3 ways Stage like vs continuous changes in understanding Domain vs general domain of specific accounts Principle source of learning Conservation Piagetian o Children aren t mini adults Understanding differs fundamentally o Learning is very active Stage theory Dramatic reorganizations of thinking at specific transition points stages Domain theory If you are good at math you are good at language No specialties of knowledge Equilibrium Maintaining a balance between experiences and thoughts about the world Assimilation Absorbing new experiences into current schemas Accommodation Altering a schema to make more compatible with experience PAIGET S FOUR STAGES Sensomotor o Birth to 2 years o Focus on here and now acquire new info through senses no object permanence o Out of sight out of mind Preoperational o Between 2 and 7 o Construct mental representations of experiences o Have object permanence o No object conservation o Egocentric no theory of mind thinks everyone knows and sees what they know and see o Move to next stage when master conservations transformations Concrete operational o Between 7 and 11 o Mental operations for physical events o Past guides current behaviors o No abstract representations Formal Operational o 11 and up o Think abstractly o



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